Mosque Name: Volubilis Mosque

Country: Morocco

City: Walīla

Year of construction (AD): 800 - 899

GPS: 34.072221 -5.555805

Gibson Classification: Unknown


The name of Volubilis is known both from the ancient texts and from the epigraphy of the town. It probably derives from the Berber word ‘Oualili’, the name of the Oleander plant, a flower that grows in abundance near the oued Khoumane. In Arab sources and on the early Arab coinage of the site the name was changed back to ‘Walila’. From the nineteenth century onwards the ruins were known as ‘Ksar Faraoun’, the castle of the Pharaohs. A possible mosque has been found, but since no mihrab was evident, there was hesitation to call it a mosque.

Sketch of the city. Note the Arab quarter on the left (west side)

Sketch of the city. Note the Arab quarter on the left (west side)


Eustache, Daniel, 1956. “Monnaies musulmanes trouvées a Volubilis”, Hespéris 25: 133-197, p. 134 and footnote 2.

Fenwick, Corisande, 2013. “From Africa to Ifrīqiya: Settlement and Society in Early Medieval North Africa (650-800)”, al-Masāq 25(1): 9-33.

Fentress, Elizabeth, Fenwick, Corisande, and Hassan Limane, no date. “Walila: From the Awraba to the Merinids. UCL-INSAP Volubilis Project 2018-2019”,

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