Mosque Name: Siraf Early Mosque
Year of construction (AD): 750 AD,
GPS: 27.668227 52.331410,
Original Qibla: Petra,
Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never,
Located on the Iranian coast of the Persian gulf. The port city of Siraf was an important stopping place for ships traeling from the orient with Chinese and Asian goods. From pre-Islamic times, merchant residences were built, and later local prayer places which date to the earliest Islamic times. Only ruins survive today. This early mosque has never been properly excavated. It was part of a residential section, and appears to face Petra. Residence would simply like up in the courtyard to pray. Later in the 9th century a larger congregational mosque was built closer to the sea port known as the Friday Mosque.
The main Muslim traders were Umayyad Sunni who had settled in Siraf around 750 AD. (130 AH) The Ibn Abi Taleb Mosque (27.670362° 52.337346°) is a good example of an Umayyad mosque. (locally known as Mosque of Sunnis Amir al-Momenin Ali ibn Abi Taleb)