Mosque Name: Um Jemal Later Castellum

Country: Jordan

City: Um Jemal

Year of construction (AH):

Year of construction (AD): 8th century

GPS: 32°19’29.56"N 32°19’29.56"N

Original Qibla: Petra

Rebuilt facing Mecca: never


Um el-Jemal is a very extensive rural settlement constructed of black basalt in the lava lands east of Mafraq, which flow down from Jebel Druze, a mountain 50 km to the northeast. It’s history back into the 2nd century but the Islamic era at Um el-Jemal began in 640 AD when the Rashidun Caliphs took control of the area. Much remodeling was done throughout the site so as to repurpose buildings to suit their own needs. The Praetorium and House XVIII are examples of buildings repurposed as dwelling places, while House # 53 and House X were possibly repurposed into a mosque. Despite all of this, the population decreased and the site was slowly abandoned with the help of an earthquake in circa 749 that destroyed many buildings and set much of the architecture off balance. The site was completely deserted under the Abbasid Caliphs in the ninth century.

What is facinating, is that the large building, known today as the Later Castellum has an orientation that is directly facing Petra.



Page Discussion

Membership is required to comment. Membership is free of charge and available to everyone over the age of 16. Just click SignUp, or make a comment below. You will need a user name and a password. The system will automatically send a code to your email address. It should arrive in a few minutes. Enter the code, and you are finished.

Members who post adverts or use inappropriate language or make disrespectful comments will have their membership removed and be barred from the site. By becoming a member you agree to our Terms of Use and our Privacy, Cookies & Ad Policies. Remember that we will never, under any circumstances, sell or give your email address or private information to anyone unless required by law. Please keep your comments on topic. Thanks!