Mosque Name: Asham Mosque

Country: Saudi Arabia

City: ASham

Year of construction (AD): 800-899

GPS: 19.610885 41.211123

Gibson Classification:

Rebuilt facing Mecca: Between


Description:

Dated from gravestone inscriptions on the site, 239/853 onward, plus pottery from the site dating from the 6th-12th century, plus a foundation inscription for a mosque renovation, 414/1023. A mihrab was found, and a foundation for a minaret.


The mosque seen from the air.

The mosque seen from the air.


From a distance the site looks like a pile of stones covered with sand.

From a distance the site looks like a pile of stones covered with sand.


Freshly excavated ruins give an idea what the city used to look like.

Freshly excavated ruins give an idea what the city used to look like.


References:

Alzahrani, Abdullah, 2014. “Mining in al-Baha Region, South-Western Saudi Arabia in Islamic-Era: The Archaeology of Asham”, unpublished PhD thesis, University of York. https://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/6483/

Alzahrani, Abdullah A., 2020. “Mining settlements along the southwestern coast of the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia”, Global Islamic Archaeology Showcase, October 3rd, 2020, University of Exeter, online. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EjCL-X5mPs&list=PLATiU47MBkzsQmKCNXr4d5lu3KuRjqCHU

Al-Zaylai, A.U., 1983. “The Southern Area of the Amirate of Mecca (3-7/9-13 Centuries), Its History, Archaeology and Epigraphy”, unpublished PhD thesis, Durham University. http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/951/

Thesaurus d’Epigraphie Islamique, inscription n° 14392, accessed March 9th, 2021, http://www.epigraphie-islamique.uliege.be.


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