Mosque Name: Khirbit al Mufjar
Year of construction (AH): 95 AH
Year of construction (AD): 714 AD
GPS: 31°53’9.86"N 35°27’32.56"E
Original Qibla: Petra
Rebuilt facing Mecca: never
The Khirbat al Mafjar Mosque is located near Jericho in the Jordan Valley. Due to the poor state of the ruins, and the poor quality satellite photos, we have chosen to use a drawing of the ruins from Archnet. Khirbat al-Mafjar (see the plan below) remains one of the most highly sophisticated Umayyad palaces known for its elaborate mosaics, stucco carvings and overall sculptural magnificence.
Khirbat al- Mafjar was built during the reign of Hisham Ibn ’Abd al-Mali, and it was abandoned around 744 AD when the Umayyads dynasty collapsed and the Abbasids rose to power. The Abbasids never rebuilt the palace.
Once again this is a palace that contained a mosque. It was located almost directly north of Petra, so the mosque (bottom center room) faces south as shown in the floor plan, rather than towards Mecca.
From the drawing below we can see that the original mosque (with no mihrab niche) faced toward Petra, but a later a mihrab niche was added which needed reinforcing. That niche faced more towards a Between position.