Mosque Name: Mushatta Palace

Country: Jordan

City: Amman

Year of construction (AH): 125 AH

Year of construction (AD): 743 AD

GPS: 31°44’17.42"N 36° 0’35.95"E

ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/4135

Original Qibla: Petra

Rebuilt facing Mecca: never


Description:

One of the largest and most impressive of the Umayyad palaces, Mushatta Palace is an unfinished, brown limestone and brick complex which includes an entrance hall, internal mosque, audience hall, and residential quarters. It is located in the Jordan desert approximately 32 kilometers south of Amman, a short distance from the Queen Alia International Airport.

A product of the late Umayyad period, it is speculated by several scholars that the Umayyad caliph al-Walid II built Mshatta during his brief reign (743-44) in an effort to commemorate his authority. Construction ended in 744 when he was assassinated. Massive in size-at 144 sq. meters-it provided accommodation for a large group of people for ceremonial performances and lodging. Byzantine and Sassanian influence is evident in the stone and brickwork, and its plan and design.


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A product of the late Umayyad period, it is speculated by several scholars that the Umayyad caliph al-Walid II built Mushatta during his brief reign (743-44) in an effort to commemorate his authority. Construction concluded in 744 when he was assassinated. Massive in size-at 144 sq. meters-it provided accommodation for a large group of people for ceremonial performances and lodging. Byzantine and Sassanian influence is evident in the stone and brickwork, and its plan and design.


The entire complex, including the internal mosque are all oriented towards a Petra Qibla.


The most beautiful feature of Mshatta, however, remains in the rich and intricately carved features on its southern exterior, a significant section of which was given to Kaiser Wilhelm as a gift from the Ottoman sultan 'Abd al-Hamid just before World War I and today is located in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

The most beautiful feature of Mshatta, however, remains in the rich and intricately carved features on its southern exterior, a significant section of which was given to Kaiser Wilhelm as a gift from the Ottoman sultan 'Abd al-Hamid just before World War I and today is located in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

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