Mosque Name: Dome of the Rock
Year of construction (AH): 71 AH
Year of construction (AD): 690 AD
GPS: 31.7780°N 35.2354°E
Original Qibla: No Qibla
Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never
Al-Haram al-Sharif is an enormous open-air platform of artificial construction that houses the congregational mosque of al-Aqsa, numerous memorial buildings and fountains and is surrounded by many madrasas. The platform was built during Herodian times (1st century AD) to accommodate the new Jewish Temple (that was burned shortly after its completion). The Dome of the Rock is built approximately in the center of the Haram on an additional platform, it is the most prominent building in al-Haram al-Sharif both in terms of height and colors.
The Dome of the Rock was built by the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik and completed in 691 AD. While it is the earliest Islamic monument that has survived and one of the most admired ones, the original purpose for its creation have been the subject of much debate from the late Middle Ages to this day. Its location, on the top of Mount Moriah, which is also known as Temple Mount, associates the building with a rich tradition of Jewish and Christian narratives.
The Dome was built during the second Islamic civil war, at the exact time when Dan Gibson claims Ibn Zubayr moved the Black Rock from Metra to Mecca. If this is true, then perhaps the Dome contains no qibla, as the qibla direction was being contested at that very time.