This is the master list of historical sites which are covered on this website. (Not including Petra and Meda’in Saleh which have their own sections.) Each of the places listed here are found throughout this website site, such as lists of stopping places on trade routes, or mosques built during early Islam.

Nabataean Cities in the Negev:

The Bedouin tribes in the Negev and the Sinai all trace their origins back to the Arabian Peninsula, somewhere between the 14th and 17th centuries. According to Bedouin traditions and historical …

The Wall:

Sometime back in history, someone living in this same area as the Nabataean Inner Kingdom decided to do something about the desert raids. Their solution was brilliant. Forts were constructed on …

The Negev Wall:

A WALL IN THE NEGEV Pictures copyright 2003 Arieh Bar-Lev This wall is known as the K-Line and it is located between Mt. Ramon in the central Negev (100 km south from Beer-Sheva) and Mt. Romem. The …

Shisr in South Arabia:

Is Shisr the famed ancient city of Ubar as some have claimed? Or is it something else? This location is in Oman, north of Salalah or is it in southern Jordan.

Bosra, Syria:

Bostra was the northern capital of the Nabataeans, located in southern Syria at the northern end of the Via Nova Traiana roadway. When the Romans annexed the Nabataean Empire, Bostra became the …

Bozrah :

Bozrah was the capital city of the Edomites, once they settled from their nomadic lifestyle. It is located in modern day Jordan along the King’s Highway. The photo below, taken from the west …

Wadi Rum:

A Nabataean settlement was discovered in Wadi Rum by G. Horsfield and excavated by himself in the early 1930s. Later in May 1959 D. Kirkbride conducted another excavation. In 1962 the Department of …

Humeima:

Copyright 2002 CanBooks The Nabataean city of Humeima (ancient Hawara) an important historical site, as it is a city that was founded by the Nabataeans, and survived only into the Byzantine era. …

Humeima Tombs:

Mosque Name: Humeima Tombs Country: Jordan City: Humeima Year of construction (AH): 93 AD Year of construction (AD): 712 GPS: 29.949629 35.34612 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

South Forts:

View from the Naqab Escarpment near the Naqab fort East of Naqab Naqab Fort (Location: N 29 degrees, 59.863, E 035 degrees 30.281, Elevation 5495 feet) Just east of the old highway, in the village …

Sumhuram:

The ancient port of Sumhuram is located near the modern city of Salalah in southern Oman. It was most active between the 4th century BC and the 4th century AD. It is built in the area of Khor Rori and …

Cane (Qana'):

Cane (Qana) was the southern most port in South Arabia. The incense fields, and the heartland of Yemen were to the north of this port. Incense was loaded onto dhows here for destinations in Europe via …

Aden:

The ancient city of Aden is located at the south west corner of Yemen. It was built at the base of a volcano that rises up to 300 metes from sea level. The old port was built in the back of the bay …

Muza (Al Mokha):

The port of al Mokha has been in use since ancient time. However, once the maritime incense route was established, this port became a busy center of trade. Once the Nabataean Empire was handed over to …

Berenice:

Around 275 BC, Ptolemy II (Philadelphos), king of Egypt, founded a port on the Red Sea coast. He named it after his mother, Berenike I. This port was originally created to aid in the importation of …

Philotera:

The ancient port of Philotera is known today as Safaga. It is a small port 65 km south of Hurghada. The modern port stands amongst the ruins of the old port of Philotera built by King Ptolemy II from …

Myos Hormos:

For many years the location of the northern Egyptian port on the Red Sea was unknown. Ancient historians like Strabo and the writer of The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea’ gave us know clue to …

Nessana:

A Nabataean city in the Negev

Leuce Come:

The Nabataeans maintained two ports that we know about. The first was Aila at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba. The Nabataeans also maintained a port on the Red Sea known as Leuce Come (meaning …

Aila Port (Ayla) (Aqaba):

The Nabataeans maintained a port at Aila at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba. This port was used almost exclusively by Arab ships as the Gulf of Aqaba was known for its foul winds, making it a …

Hawara (Humeima):

The Nabataean city of Hawara (modern Humeima) is an important historical site, as it is a city that was founded by the Nabataeans, and survived only into the Byzantine era. During the Muslim …

Gryn:

Gryn is located in the southern highlands of Jordan, south of Ayl. On the hill-top stands a fortification, while the artesian wells empty their water into ancient cisterns and aqueducts below the …

Ayl:

Ayl was a major stopping center for camel caravans in the Edomite highlands. Here there was water and fodder. Special thanks to Fawzi Abudanh for this great picture taken on November 2003. Fawzi was …

Sela:

Sela is one of the first places that the Nabataeans appear, long before they settled into the area that was to become Nabataea. The mountain of Sela suited them well, for Sela is a small mountain with …

Wadi Arabah:

A wadi is a dry river bed or valley. Wadi Arabah is one of the larger wadi’s in the Middle East. It extends 165 km north from Aqaba to the Dead Sea. From here on it is known as the Ghor, which …

Sobota (Shivta):

Sobota was a Nabataean agricultural city in the Negev. A ring of houses faced inwards, providing protection.The city had churches and a temple.

Wadi Fiqreh:

This long wadi or dry river bed was the main conduit for caravan traffic between Avdat (Obodat) and Wadi Arabah. There were several wells along this route, as the camel caravans would pass down the …

Mampsis:

Mampsis was the smallest of the traditional six Nabataean towns in the central Negev. The ruins are quite exposed and in a state of excellent preservation. The town plan, from the Nabataean period, …

Obodat (Avdat):

This ancient caravan station evolved into a large desert city known as Obodat (after a Nabataean king). It was first founded as a road station in the 3rd century BC where two trade routes converged. …

Ruheiba:

This Nabataean city is 12 km south of Elusa, and is located in a nature conservation area. It can only be visited by agreement of the authorities. The city has three large churches, several impressive …

Gaza (Jenysos) (Roman Teda):

Gaza is one of the older cities in the world. The city is strategically situated between two continents, Asia and Africa. This geographical location made the city acquire a strategic and extraordinary …

Elusa (Haluza):

This Nabataean city can only be reached with a four-wheel drive. It is covered in sand, but has a very impressive church, theater, and inscriptions. In the 5th century it was surrounded by vinyards …

Palmyra City:

Palmyra was a merchant city, established because of trade routes. During the Bronze Age around 2000 BC, Puzur-Ishtar the Tadmorean (Palmyrene) agreed to a contract at an Assyrian trading colony in …

Palmyra Central Mosque:

Mosque Name: Palmyra Central Mosque Country: Syria City: Palmyra Year of construction (AH): 18 Year of construction (AD): 640 GPS: 34°33′4.00″N,38°16′5.10″E ArchNet: …

PETRA: The Siq (Thaniya):

A “thaniya” is a small crack in a mountain. The city of Petra had several thaniyas, or passages through the mountain. The main one is known as the “siq” alowing people to pass …

PETRA: Jebal Haroun:

by Tamás Arany Historical background Jabal Haroun (Aaron’s mountain) is the highest peak in the mountains few kilometres south-west from the ancient city of Petra. The local tradition believes …

Wadi Rum: Valley of Board Games:

At the Second Annual Conference for Nabataean Studies, Dr. Bilal Khrisat of the Hashemite University, presented a paper that introduced the conference to the various board games that are found in …

The Northern Desert Trek:

Crossing the trackless desert can be a life-threatening experience, if you do not know any sources of water. The ancient Nabataeans created routes through the desert by creating their own watering …

Tayma:

Tayma is a desert oasis in Saudi Arabia. In the center of the oasis is a large well, thought to be around 2,500 years old. (Bir Haddaj). It is mentioned in the Bible: “The inhabitants of the …

Dedan:

Ancient Dedan is known as Al Ula today. In the ruins of the old city there are inscriptions that indicate the Dedanites were preceded by a Minean settlement. The Mineans established a center at this …

Khaybar:

For many centuries, the oasis at Khaybar was an important caravan stopping place. The center developed around a series of ancient dams that was built to hold back run-off water from the rain. Around …

Zimbabwe:

The name Zimbabwe comes from Shona, the language of the Mashona people meaning ‘stone houses.’ It is applied to any of the 200 stone ruins scattered throughout southern Rhodesia. The …

Shibam (Hadramaut):

Shibam was the capital of the Hadramaut district of Southern Arabia. This district produced incense and exported it to Timna. Later, when the maritime route opened up, the the Hadramautians traded …

Timna :

Yemen, Timna,

Yathul:

The city of Baraqish was known as Yathul in ancient times. This city was the capital of the Minaean Kingdom around 400 BC. It is located about 30 km north from the Marib dam and must be accessed by 4 …

Sa'ada:

Located in the north of present day Yemen this ancient walled city is still inhabited. The city is built completely from free-formed mud. The city wall surrounds the ancient city, and visitors …

Najran:

Najran was an important stopping place on the Incense Road. It is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. The oasis of Najran has been inhabited for about 4,000 years. Najran’s most …

Medina:

Known in ancient times as Yathrib, this important caravan stop is now out of bounds to all non-Muslims. We have not been able to obtain any pictures or clear information about the state or …

The Southern Desert Trek:

South of Medina the incense caravans took several different routs. Some traveled through the rugged mountains, while others kept closer to the desert to avoid inhabited places where thieves or taxes …

'Umar ibn al-Khattab Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Country: Saudi Arabia City: Dawmat al-Jandal Year of construction (AH): 13 AH Year of construction (AD): 634 AD GPS: 29.811933° 39.867393° ArchNet: …

Salalah:

Mosque Name: Balid (Zofar) Mosque Country: Oman City: Salalah Year of construction (CE): 800-899 GPS: 17.005985 54.130585 Gibson Classification: Mecca For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here …

Quba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Quba Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 1 AH Year of construction (AD): 622 AD GPS: 24.46’83.33°N 39.610833°E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/548 …

Mar Elyas Hill:

Mar Elyas Hill is about 9 km north west of Ajoun Castle in northern Jordan, in a woodland surrounded by wild trees one each side. the site is a small hill which is about 900m above sea level. However …

Mosque of the Prophet:

Mosque Name: Mosque of the Prophet Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 2 AH Year of construction (AD): 623 AD GPS: 24.468333°N 39.610833°E ArchNet: …

Janad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jamia-al-Janad Country: Yemen City: Janad Year of construction (AH): 6 AH Year of construction (AD): 627 AD GPS: 13°40’7.49” N 44°10’0.06"E ArchNet: …

Ajoun Castle:

Ajloun Castle (قلعة عجلون‎) Qalʻat ‘Ajloun, is a 12th-century Muslim castle situated in northwestern Jordan. It is placed on a hilltop belonging to the Mount Ajloun district, also known as Jabal …

Shoubak Castle:

Shoubak was built by the Crusader king Baldwin I in 1115. Its defenders withstood numerous attacks from the armies of Saladin (Salah ad Din) before succumbing in 1189 (a year after Karak), after an …

Jawatha Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jawatha Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Al-Kilabiyah Year of construction (AH): 8 AH Year of construction (AD): 629 AD GPS: 25°28’11” N 49°40’43” E Gibson …

Cheraman Juma Mosque:

Mosque Name: Cheraman Juma Country: India City: Methala, Karala Construction Date: 600-699 CE Claimed year of construction (AH): 8 AH Claimed year of construction (AD): 629 AD GPS: 10.223355° …

Prophet Yunus (Jonah) Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of the Prophet Jonah Country: Iraq City: Mosoul Year of construction (AH): 16 AH Year of construction (AD): 637 AD GPS: 35° 8’3.87"N 36°44’55.63"E ArchNet: …

Kufa Grand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kufa Grand Mosque Country: Iraq City: Kufa Year of construction (AH): 16 AH Year of construction (AD): 638 AD GPS: 32°01’43"N 44°24’03"E ArchNet: …

Imam Shafi'i Mosque:

Mosque Name: Imam Shafi ‘i’ Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Jeddah Year of construction (AH): 649 AH Year of construction (AD): 1251 AD GPS: 21°29’10.42"N …

Hala Sultan Tekke:

Mosque Name: Hala Sultan Tekke Country: Cyprus City: Larnaca Year of construction (AH): 28 AH Year of construction (AD): 649 GPS: 34°53’6.56"N 33°36’38.53"E Gibson …

Sidi ‘Ukba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Sidi ‘Ukba Country: Algeria City: Biska Year of construction (AH): 67 AH Year of construction (AD): 686 AD GPS: 34°44’57.81”N 5°53’50.99”E Gibson Classification: Parallel …

Sidi 'Ukba Graveyard :

Country: Algeria City: Biska Year of construction (AH): 67 AH Year of construction (CE): 686 AD GPS: 34.751291 5.895186 Gibson Classification: Rebuilt facing Mecca: For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click …

Dome of the Rock:

Mosque Name: Dome of the Rock Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 65 AH Year of construction (AD): 684 AD GPS: 31.7780°N 35.2354°E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/2814 Gibson …

Zeila Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qiblatain Mosque (Mosque of the Two Qiblas) Country: Somalia City: Zeila Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 11.353723° 43.471351° Gibson …

Burqu Qasr:

Mosque Name: Qasr Burqu’ Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 81 AH Year of construction (AD): 700 AD GPS: 34° 0’26.03”N 36°12’25.59”E Gibson Classification: unknown …

Khamis Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid al Khamis Country: Bahrain City: Manama Year of construction (AH): 99 AH Year of construction (AD): 717 AD GPS: Coordinates: 26.2082°N 50.5483°E ArchNet: …

Kerak Castle:

Kerak Castle (قلعة الكرك‎) is a large Crusader castle located in the town of al-Karak, Jordan. It is one of the largest crusader castles in the Levant. Construction of the castle began in the 1140s, …

Mosque of Rusafa, Iraq:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Rusafa Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 105 AH Year of construction (AD): 724 AD GPS: 35.629169 38.758547 Gibson Classification: unknown Rebuilt facing …

Qasr Muwaqqar:

Mosque Name: Qasr Muwaqqar Country: Jordan City: Muwaqqar Year of construction (AH): 104 AH Year of construction (AD): 723 AD GPS: 31°48’45.63"N 36° 6’13.67"E Gibson …

Grand Hussein Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid al-Umawi Country: Amman City: Jordan Year of construction (AH): 106 AH Year of construction (AD): 725 AD GPS: 31°56’59.16"N 35°56’5.15"E Gibson …

Huajuexiang Mosque:

Mosque Name: Huajuexiang Mosque Country: China City: Xian Year of construction (AH): 124 AH Year of construction (AD): 742 AD GPS: http://archnet.org/sites/3973 ArchNet: …

Qusayr Amra:

Mosque Name: Qusayr Amra and Bath-house Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 126 AH Year of construction (CE): 743 CE Bath House: GPS: 31°48’6.89"N …

Shibam Palace & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shibam Palace Country: Yemen City: Shibam Year of construction (AH): 135 AH Year of construction (AD): 753 AD GPS: 5°55’35.62"N 48°37’31.83"E ArchNet: …

Qasr 'Uweinid:

Mosque Name: Qasr Uweinid Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th Century GPS: 31°47’6.14"N 36°44’2.44"E Gibson …

Fenghuang Mosque:

Mosque Name: Fenghuang Mosque Country: China City: Hangzhou Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 30°14’43.67"N 120°10’14.50"E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/3971 Gibson …

Be'er Ora:

Mosque Name: Be’er Ora Open Air Mosque Country: Negev, Israel City: Beer Ora (Bir Ora) Year of construction (AH): unknown Early Islamic Year of construction (AD): unknown Early Islamic Beer Ora North …

Erbil GrandMosque:

Mosque Name: Old Sawafa Mosque Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36°11’0.70"N 44° 0’13.71"E Gibson Classification: Unknown (very possibly …

Guangzhou Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Guangzhou Country: China City: Guangzhou Year of construction (AH): 6 AH Year of construction (AD): 627 GPS: 23° 7’33.65"N 113°15’13.21"E ArchNet: …

Ishfan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mashid i’Jami’ Ishfan Country: Iran City: Ishfan Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 32°40’10.96"N 51°41’6.80"E …

Job's Tomb & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Job’s Tomb Country: Oman City: Salallah Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 17° 6’42.00"N 53°59’38.57"E Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing …

Kazmiyya Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shrine of Kazmiyya Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 183 AH Year of construction (AD): 799 AD GPS: 33°22’47.20"N 44°20’17.08"E ArchNet: …

Al-Asha'ir Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al-Asha’ir Mosque Country: Yemen City: Zabid Year of construction (AH): 184 AH or 3rd century AH Year of construction (AD): 820 AD or 9th century GPS: 14°11’45.32"N …

Qasr Al-Hallabat:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Hallabat Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 212 AH Year of construction (AD): 827 AD GPS: 32° 5’35.51"N 36°19’40.96"E Original …

Shibam Aqyan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jamia’ al Kabir Country: Yemen City: Shibam Aqyan Year of construction (AH): 257 AH Year of construction (AD): 871 AD GPS: 15°30’33.55"N 43°54’10.49"E ArchNet: …

Fahraj Mosque:

Mosque Name: Fahraj Masjid i-Jami’ Country: Iran City: Fahraj Year of construction (AH): unkown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 28°57’11.47"N 58°53’4.55"E ArchNet: …

Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qiblatain Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 5 AH Year of construction (AD): 626 AD GPS: 24°29’2.72"N 39°34’43.17"E ArchNet: …

Hama Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’ Hama al-Kabir Country: Syria City: Hama Year of construction (AH): 15 AH Year of construction (AD): 637 AD GPS: 35° 8’3.87"N 36°44’55.63"E ArchNet: …

Fustat Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’ ‘Amr ibn al-‘As Country: Egypt City: Fustat Year of construction (AH): 21 AH Year of construction (AD): 642 AD GPS: 30° 0’38.74"N …

Dome of the Chain:

Mosque Name: Dome of the Chain Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 55 AH Year of construction (AD): 674 AD GPS: 31.77785N 35.235808E Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing …

Humeima Abbas House:

Mosque Name: Humeima Abbas House Country: Jordan City: Humeima Year of construction (AH): 80 AD Year of construction (AD): 699 GPS: 29°56’59.64"N 35°20’45.33"E Gibson …

Seven Sleepers Mosque:

Mosque Name: Seven Sleepers Cave Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th Century GPS: 31°53’56.14"N 35°58’25.81"E …

Jerash Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jerash Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Jerash Year of construction (AH): 105 Year of construction (AD): 725 GPS: 32°16’44.96"N 35°53’28.71"E Gibson …

Aqaba Umayyad Mosque :

Mosque Name: Aqaba Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Aqaba Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 650 GPS: 29°31’52.06"N 35° 0’1.91"E Gibson …

Qasr Mushash complex:

Mosque Name: Qasr Mushash Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 31°48’47.90"N 36°18’56.93"E Gibson …

Qasr El-Bai’j:

Mosque Name: Qasr El-Bai’j Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): pre-Islam Year of construction (AD): 410 GPS: 32°22’7.32"N 36°20’33.28"E Gibson …

Qasr Um Jemal & Congregational Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Um Jemal & Congregational Mosque Country: Jordan City: Um Jemal Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 32°19’29.56"N …

Um Jemal:

The city of Um al Jemal covers several acres, and is filled with tumbled down buildings. All of the buildings are made from dark rock native to the location, so that from a distance Um al Jemal …

Kathisma Church:

Mosque Name: Kathisma Church Country: Israel City: Bethlehem Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°44’21.74"N 35°12’46.99"E Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing …

Sana'a Great Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque Country: Yemen City: Ṣanʿā Year of construction (AH): 86 AH Year of construction (AD): 705 AD GPS: 15°21’11.28"N 44°12’54.80"E ArchNet: …

Khirbat al Minya:

Mosque Name: Khirbat al Minya Country: Israel City: Khirbat al Minya Year of construction (AH): 87 AH Year of construction (AD): 706 AD GPS: 32°51’56.40"N 35°32’11.72"E ArchNet: …

Wasit Mosque:

Mosque Name: Wasit Hajjaj Mosque Country: Iraq City: Wasit Year of construction (AH): 87 AH Year of construction (AD): 706 AD GPS: 32.190400 46.303899 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing …

Tarik Khana Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid Tarik Khana Country: Iran City: Damghan Year of construction (AH): 89 AH Year of construction (AD): 708 AD GPS: 36.164323 54.354392 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/1605 Gibson …

Al Aqsa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al Aqsa Mosque Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 90 AH Year of construction (AD): 709 AD GPS: 31°46’32.63"N 35°14’8.27"E ArchNet: …

Damascus Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al-Umawi al-Kabir Country: Syria City: Damascus Year of construction (AH): 91 AH Year of construction (AD): 709 AD GPS: 33°30’41.98” N 36°18’24.85"E …

Qasr al-Kharanah:

Mosque Name: Qasr al-Kharanah Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 92 AH Year of construction (AD): 710 AD set by an inscription GPS: 31°43’44?N …

Amman Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Amman Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 82 AH Year of construction (AD): 710 AD GPS: 31°57’16.48"N 35°56’4.53"E Gibson …

Um Al Walid:

Mosque Name: Um Al Walid Country: Jordan City: Um Walid Year of construction (AH): 93 AH Year of construction (AD): 712 AD GPS: 31.646810 35.899799 West Qasr: Gibson Classification: Between East Qasr: …

Khann Zabib:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Khann al Zabib Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 93 AH Year of construction (AD): 712 AD GPS: 31°30’49.91"N 36° 6’2.63"E Gibson …

Khirbit al Mafjar Mosque:

Mosque Name: Khirbit al Mufjar Country: Israel City: Jericho Year of construction (AH): 95 AH Year of construction (AD): 714 AD GPS: 31°53’9.86"N 35°27’32.56"E ArchNet: …

Anjar Palace Mosque:

Mosque Name: Anjar Palace Mosque Country: Lebanon City: Anjar Year of construction (AH): 95 AH Year of construction (AD): 714 AD GPS: 33°43’55.23"N 35°56’1.79"E ArchNet: …

Aleppo Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al Umawi al Kabir Country: Syria City: Aleppo Year of construction (AH): 96 AH Year of construction (AD): 715 AD GPS: 36.199492°N 37.156911°E ArchNet: …

Qasr Qastal:

Mosque Name: Qasr Qastal Country: Jordan City: Qastal Year of construction (AH): 101 AH Year of construction (AD): 720 AD GPS: 31°44’45.68"N 35°56’23.24"E Gibson Classification: …

Bosra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Bosra Country: Syria City: Bosra Year of construction (AH): 102 AH Year of construction (AD): 721 AD GPS: 32°31’16.95"N 36°28’58.70"E ArchNet: …

Hayr al Gharbi Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hayr al Gharbi Qasr and Mosque Country: Syria City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 107 AH Year of construction (AD): 726 AD GPS: 34°20’39.77"N 37°35’3.67"E …

Banbhore Mosque:

Mosque Name: Banbhore Mosque Country: Pakistan City: Banbhore Year of construction (AH): 109 AH Year of construction (AD): 727 AD GPS: 24°45’8.64"N 67°31’21.11"E ArchNet: …

Hayr al Sharqi Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hayr al Sharqi Mosque Country: Syria City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 110 AH Year of construction (AD): 728 AD GPS: 35° 4’25.52"N 39° 4’14.92"E …

Amman Umayyad Palace and Mosque:

Mosque Name: Amman Umayyad Palace and Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 112 AH Year of construction (AD): 730 AD GPS: 31°57’16.48"N 35°56’4.53"E …

Zaytouna Mosque:

Mosque Name: Zaytouna Mosque Country: Tunisia City: Tunis Year of construction (AH): 115 AH Year of construction (AD): 732 AD GPS: 36°47’50.73” N 10°10’16.88"E ArchNet: …

Baalbeck Mosque:

Mosque Name: Baalbeck Mosque Country: Lebanon City: Baalbeck Year of construction (AH): 122 AH Year of construction (AD): 740 AD GPS: 0’26.03"N 36°12’25.59"E ArchNet: …

Qasr Bayir:

Mosque Name: Qasr Bayir Country: Jordan City: Deasert Castle Year of construction (AH): 125 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 30°45’43.33"N 36°40’45.58"E Gibson …

Mushatta Palace & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mushatta Palace Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 125 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 31°44’17.42"N 36° 0’35.95"E ArchNet: …

Qasr Tubah:

Mosque Name: Qasr Tubah Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 126 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 31°19’32"N 36°34’15"E Gibson Classification: …

Harran University Mosque:

Mosque Name: Harran University Mosque Country: Turkey City: Harran Year of construction (AH): 127 AH Year of construction (AD): 744 AD GPS: 36°51’57.99”N 39°1’51.24”E Gibson Classification: Between …

Mansur Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Manṣūr Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 145 AH Year of construction (AD): 762 AD GPS: unknown location ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/5374 Gibson …

Ukhaydir Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Ukhaydir Country: Iraq City: Kufa Year of construction (AH): 146 AH Year of construction (AD): 764 AD GPS: 32°26’25.91"N 43°36’13.39"E ArchNet: …

Ribat Fortress:

Mosque Name:Ribat Fortress and Mosque Country: Tunisia City: Ribat Year of construction (AH): 153 AH Year of construction (AD): 770 AD GPS: 35.827625 10.638728 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt …

Tauste Islamic Graves:

Mosque Name: Tauste Islamic Graves Country: Spain City: Tauste Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 41°55’0.80"N 1°15’17.34"W ArchNet: Gibson …

Yammama Mosque:

Mosque Name: Yammama Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Yamama/Al-Kharaj Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 24°11’31.79"N 47°21’7.27"E …

Qasr Al-Fudayn:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Fedayn Mosque Country: Jordan City: Mufraq Year of construction (AD): 700-744 GPS: 32°20’44.32"N 36°12’2.55"E Gibson Classification: Between (181.8) Rebuilt …

Qasr Ain al-Sil:

Mosque Name: Qasr Ain al-Sil Country: Jordan City: Azrak Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°53’40.36"N 36°50’44.98"E Gibson …

Qasr 'Azraq Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr ‘Azraq Mosque Country: Jordan City: ‘Azraq Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°52’48.62"N 36°49’38.78"E Gibson Classification: Between …

Qasr Aseikhin Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Aseikhin Mosque Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°56’46.14"N 36°57’6.91"E Gibson Classification: Mecca For a …

Sayh Ramdah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sayh Ramdah Mosque Country: Oman City: Bowshar Year of construction: unknown GPS: 23°32’36.06"N N 58°23’54.99"E Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never For …

Ibra Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ibra Qiblatain Mosque Country: Oman City: Ibra Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 22.701938° 58.527554° Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt …

Yogharta Mosque:

Mosque Name: Yogharta Mosque Country: Morocco City: Beni Bouabdellah Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 34°49’16.54"N 2°30’11.43"W Gibson Classification: Parallel …

Bazaar Qaisariya:

Mosque Name: Bazaar Qaisariya Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36°11’26.10"N 44° 0’36.34"E Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing …

Sawaf Old Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sawafa Mosque Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36.183528 44.003195 Original Qibla: Unknown - the yard faces Petra …

Raqqa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Raqqa Mosque Country: Syria City: Raqqa Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 35°57’7.39"N 39° 1’15.64"E ArchNet: …

Bibi Samarkand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Bibi Samarkand Country: Uzbekistan City: Samarkand Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 39°39’38.39"N 66°58’49.57"E ArchNet: …

Abdul Qader Yagouri Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abdul Qader Yagouri Mosque Country: Algeria City: Béni Abbès Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th Century GPS: 30°08’00.5"N 2°09’50.3"W …

Qasr Al-Hallabat Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Hallabat Mosque Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AD): 705-740 AD Set according to texts GPS: 32° 5’35.51"N 36°19’40.96"E Gibson …

Uqba Ibn Nafi' Mosque (Kairouan):

Mosque Name: Jami’ Uqba Ibn Nafi & the Great Mosque of Kairouan Country: Tunisia City: Kairouan Year of construction (AH): 221 AH Year of construction (AD): 836 AD GPS: …

Samarra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Samarra Sāmarrāʾ Country: Iraq City: Samarra Year of construction (AH): 232 AH Year of construction (AD): 847 AD GPS: 34°11’56.26"N 43°52’24.76"E …

Cordoba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Cordoba Mosque Country: Spain City: Cordoba Year of construction (AH): 168 AH Year of construction (AD): 784 AD GPS: 37°52’45.23"N 4°46’46.46"W ArchNet: …

Susa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Susa Country: Tunisia City: Susa Year of construction (AH): 236 H Year of construction (AD): 850 AD GPS: 35°49’36.76"N 10°38’23.07"E ArchNet: …

Nisibis:

The city of Nisibis was home to Severus Sebokht an early mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer, who is the earliest Middle Eastern person to mention how the Hindu number system works. He also …

Abu Dulaf Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abu Dulaf Mosque Country: Iraq City: Samarra Year of construction (AH): 245 AH Year of construction (AD): 859 AD GPS: 34° 21’ 39.6000” 43° 48’ 9.0000” ArchNet: …

Three Doors Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al-Abwab al Thalathah Country: Tunisia City: Kairouan Year of construction (AH): 252 AH Year of construction (AD): 866 AD GPS: GPS Coordinates: 35°40’44.01"N 10° …

Ibn Tulun Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ibn Tulun Mosque Country: Egypt City: Cairo Year of construction (AH): 263 AH Year of construction (AD): 876 AD GPS: 30°01’44"N 31°14’58"E ArchNet: …

Asnaq Mosque:

Mosque Name: Friday Mosque Country: Iran City: Asnaq Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 38° 3’42.97"N 47°11’20.90"E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/5436 Gibson …

Nine Domed Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nine Domed Mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Haji-Piyada, Balkh Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 9th century GPS: 36°43’47.1"N …

Al Balid Mosque:

Mosque Name: Baliid Mosque Country: Oman City: Salalah Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 17° 0’21.45”N 54° 7’49.83”E Original Qibla: Mecca For a Link to …

Qariya Al-Faw:

The ancient site known as "Al-Faw", is located about 700 km southwest of Riyadh and about 150 km southeast of Al-Khamasin in Wadi Ad-Dawasir. To the northeast of Al-Faw is the Arabian Desert known as …

Harat Friday Mosque:

Mosque Name: Harat Friday Mosque or the Blue Mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Harrat Year of construction (AH): 596 AH Year of construction (AD): 1200 AD GPS: 34°20’34.93"N …

Rabadha:

Mosque Name: Rabadha Town and Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Rabadha Year of construction (AD): 800-899 Rabadha Mosque 1 GPS: 24.631142 41.290238 Gibson Classification: Between Rabadha Mosque Area …

Thaj:

The ruins of Thaj can be seen about 80 km west of Al-Jubail. It is a small village situated beside a dry lakebed generally known as “Sabkah”. The archaeological excavations undertaken by …

Adumatu:

In Assyrian records dating from 845 BC, Adumatu (modern Dumat Al-Jandal) is mentioned as the capital of the Arab kingdoms. According to the text, Sennacherib captured Adumatu in 688 BC, and arrested …

Al-'Uqair:

The main port of Al-Ahsa on the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, Al-‘Uqair is a large archaeological site containing old government buildings and a mosque built during the early days of King …

Tarut:

Tarut is an island of four square kilometers on the Arabian Gulf near Al-Qatif, Saudi Arabia. It is joined to Al-Qatif by a 4 km natural land bridge, which varies in width from 10 to 20 meters. The …

Al Uyaynah (Maghair Shoaib):

The ancient oasis town of Al Uyaynah (modern Al-Bid) is located about 225 km northwest of Tabuk. It was originally mentioned by Ptolemy) The tombs carved in the mountains are attributed to the …

Al-Ukhdoud:

The Saudi Ministry of Antiquities and Museums has been excavating this site since 1981. It is near Najran. The results have revealed an fortification with exterior wall built of finely shaped stones …

Massawa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Country: Eritrea City: Massawa Year of construction (CE): 600-699 GPS: 15.611981 39.480632 ArchNet: Gibson Classification: Petra (Jerusalem is very close as well) Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Zawilah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Zawilah Mosque Country: Lybia City: Zawilah Year of construction (AH): 69 Year of construction (CE): 688 GPS: 26.165547 15.125548 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Siraf Congregational Mosque:

Mosque Name: Siraf Friday Mosque Country: Iran Year of construction (AD): 9th century GPS: 27.667298 52.335089 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3856 Gibson Classification: Mecca For a Link to the …

Siraf Early Mosque:

Mosque Name: Siraf Early Mosque Country: Iran, Year of construction (AD): 750 AD, GPS: 27.668227 52.331410, Gibson Classification: Petra, Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click …

Ali Shrine Najaf:

Name: The Shrine of Ali City: Najaf Country: Iraq Year of construction (AD): 786 GPS: 31.995885 44.314421 Gibson Classification: Petra QIbla Direction: North of Petra, south of Jerusalem Rebuilt …

Najaf Graveyard:

Wādī al-Salām or the ‘Valley of Peace’ is an Islamic cemetery, located in the Shia holy city of Najaf, Iraq. It is the largest cemetery in the world and covers 1,485.5 acres (6.01 km2; …

Imam Riza Shrine:

Mosque Name: Imam Riza Shrine Country: Iran City: Mashhad Year of construction (AH): 201 Year of construction (CE): 817 GPS: 36.287371 59.614476 Gibson Classification: Mecca For a Link to the Qibla …

Husn Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Husn Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Hasn Year of construction (AH): 600-699 CE GPS: 32.489716° 35.880004° Gibson Classification: Faces Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Great Mosque Kilwa:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque Kilwa Country: Tanzania City: Kilwa Year of construction (CE): 700-799 GPS: -8.959146 39.498294 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3779/media_contents/1606 Gibson …

Sal Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sal Mosque Country: Jordan City: Sal (near Irbid) Year of construction (AD): 700-799 CE GPS: 32.570451° 35.911254° Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: never For a Link to …

Bushra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Bushra Mosque Country: Bushra (near Irbid) City: Jordan Year of construction (AD): 700-799 CE GPS: 32.558159° 35.894752° Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: For a Link to …

Aydoun Grand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Aydoun Grand Mosque Country: Jordan City: Aydoun Year of construction (CE): 700-799 GPS: 32.506175 35.857349 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: never For a Link to the …

Tibnah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Tibnah Mosque Country: Jordan City: Tibnah Year of construction (CE): 700-799 GPS: 32.477252° 35.727335° Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For a Link to the …

al Mudhmar Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al Midhmar Mosque Country: Oman City: Sahail Year of construction (AH): 6 Year of construction (AD): 627 GPS: 23.311637° 58.010857° Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Sidi Ghanem Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sidi Ghanem Mosque Country: Algeria City: Mila Year of construction (AH): 58 Year of construction (AD): 678 GPS: 36.450383° 6.271528° Original Qibla: Parallel For a Link to the Qibla Tool …

Dougga Mosque:

Country: Tunisia City: Ancient Dougga Year of construction (AH): 187 Year of construction (AD): 800 GPS: 36.422733° 9.218833° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/15054 Gibson Classification: Parallel …

Moulay Idriss II Tomb and Mosque:

Country: Morocco City: Fez Year of construction (AH): 828 Year of construction (AD): 213 GPS: 34.06487 -4.974803 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/1728/media_contents/122530 Gibson Classification: …

Sfax Great Mosque:

City: Tunisia Year of construction (AH): 850 Year of construction (AD): 236 GPS: 34.735887° 10.760843° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/5373/media_contents/61886 Gibson Classification: Parallel For …

University of al-Qarawiyyin Mosque:

Country: Morocco City: Fez Year of construction (AH): 857 Year of construction (AD): 242 GPS: 34.064910° -4.973497° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/1730in Gibson Classification: Parallel For a Link …

Mosque Sidi-Ghomrassen Graveyard:

Mosque Name: Sidi-Ghomrassen Country: Tunisia City: Djerba Year of construction (AH): 800-899 GPS: 33.874462° 10.866349° Gibson Classification: Parallel For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here …

Great Mosque of Mahdia:

Country: Tunisia City: Mahidia Year of construction (AH): 916 Year of construction (AD): 304 GPS: 35.503972° 11.071964° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3767/media_contents/155 Gibson …

Great Mosque of Beja:

Mosque Name: Medjez el Bab Country: Tunisia City: Beja Year of construction (AH): 333 Year of construction (AD): 944 GPS: 36.725183° 9.182850° Gibson Classification: Parallel For a Link to the Qibla …

Great Mosque of Sale:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Sale Country: Morocco City: Sale Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 36.725183° 9.182850° Gibson Classification: Parallel For a Link to the Qibla …

Grand Mosque of Tangier:

Country: Morocco City: Tangier Year of construction (AH): 592 Year of construction (AD): 1196 GPS: 35.785840° -5.809504° ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/6353 Gibson Classification: Parallel For a …

Midian:

The Qur’an speaks several times of the people of Midian, assuming that the listeners in Medina were acquainted with at least the background of these people who roamed the Arabian deserts one …

Barwada Mosque:

Mosque Name: Barwada Mosque Country: India City: Gujarat Year of construction (AD): 700-800 CE GPS: 21.692053 72.270851 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For a Link to the …

Kilakarai Old Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kilakarai Old Mosque Country: India City: Kilakarai Year of construction 600-699 CE GPS: 9.234391 78.7836 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: 1036 For a Link to the Qibla …

Palaiya Jumma Palli:

Mosque Name: Palaiya Jumma Palli Country: India City: Kilakarai Year of construction 600-699 CE GPS: 9.229489 78.785983 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: 1036 For a Link to the …

Mansouri Great Mosque:

Mosque Name: Country: The Monsouri Mosque of Tripoli, Lebanon is also known The Great Mosque of Tripoli. City: Tripoli GPS: 34.434520 35.842500 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/1702 Gibson …

Sultan Yaqub Tomb:

Mosque Name: Sultan Yaʿqūb Tomb Country: Lebanon City: Sultan Yaʿqūb GPS: 33.644314, 35.859838 Gibson Classificaton: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: Who was Sultan Yaʿqūb? Uncovering …

Sultan Yaqub Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sultan Yacoub Country: Lebanon City: Sultan Yacoub GPS: 33.644409, 35.859977 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here Description: …

Hasan Mosque and Tower:

Mosque Name: Hasan Mosque Country: Morocco City: Rabat Year of construction (AH): 591 Year of construction (AD): 1195 GPS: 34.023814 -6.822614 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/2557 Gibson …

Kasbah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kasbah Mosque Country: Morocco City: Marrakech Year of construction (AH): 586 Year of construction (AD): 1190 GPS: 31.617706 -7.988705 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing …

Koutoubia Mosque:

Mosque Name: Koutoubia Mosque Country: Morocco City: Marrakech Year of construction (AH): 548 Year of construction (AD): 1154 GPS: 31.623757 -7.993366 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/1741 Gibson …

Kasbah Citadel Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kasbah Citadel Mosque, also known as The Mosque of the Kasbah, and also The Old Mosque. Country: Morocco City: Rabat Year of construction (AH): 544 Year of construction (AD): 1150 GPS: …

Udayas Graveyard:

Name: Udayas Graveyard Country: Morocco City: Udayas GPS: 34.02987 -6.841498 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: never For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here Description: It is …

Magokk-i Attor Mosque:

Mosque Name: Magokk-i Attor Country: Uzbekistan City: Bukhara Year of construction (AH): 800-900 GPS: 39.773227 64.418328 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For a Link to the …

Kalyan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kalyan mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Herat Year of construction (AH): 712 CE Year of construction (AD): 92 AD GPS: 39.775917 64.414086 Original Qibla: Unknown, faces just north of …

Suliman Estakhr Mosque:

Mosque Name: Suliman Estakhr Mosque Country: Persepolis City: Estakhr GPS: 29.979923 52.910150 Original Qibla: Unknown For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here Description: The archaeological area of …

Malek Mosque, Zoozan Iran:

Mosque Name: Malek Mosque Country: Iran City: ZooZan Year of construction (AH): 780 Year of construction (AD): 160 GPS: 34.355441 59.876897 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For …

Blue Mosque, Mazari Sharif:

Mosque Name: Blue Mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Mazari Sharif Year of construction (AH): 8th Century GPS: 36.709000 67.110842 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3939 Gibson Classification: Between …

Ulugh Beg Madrasa:

Mosque Name: Ulugh Beg Madrasa Country: Uzbekistan City: Samarqand Year of construction (AH): 1420 GPS: 39.654781° 66.975731° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/2123 Gibson Classification: Petra …

The Ka'ba:

The Ka’ba The Ka’ba in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia is the center of the Islamic world today. It’s roots go back into the early days of Islamic history. Despite this the very …

Kashan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kashan Mosque Country: Iran City: Kashan Year of construction 800-899 GPS: 33°59’1.57"N 51°26’36.92"E Gibson Classification: 240.7 Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For a …

Kashan Solatani Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kashan Solatani Mosque and Madrasa Country: Iran City: Kashan Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 33.982860° 51.447866° Gibson Classification: 255.2 (Petra) Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Agha Bozorg Mosque:

Mosque Name: Agha Bozorg Mosque Country: Iran City: Kashan Year of construction (AD): 18th century GPS: 33.978204 51.445279 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/1625 Gibson Classification: 255.5 (Petra) …

Estakhr Suliman Mosque:

Mosque Name: Estakhr Suliman Mosque Country: Iran City: Estakhr, Persepolis 93 AH Year of original construction: unknown Possibly 712 CD GPS: 29.979923 52.910150 Gibson Classification: Between For a …

Abarkuh Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abarkuh Congregational Mosque Country: Iran City: Abarkuh Year of construction (AH): Unknown (800-899) Year of construction (AD): Unknown GPS: 31.130353° 53.285296° ArchNet: …

Mianchal Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mianchal Mosque and Madrasa Country: Iran City: Kashan Year of construction (AD): unknown (Current building 1500s) GPS: 33.985076° 51.448252° Gibson Classification: 247.2 (Between) For a …

Sorkhe Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sorkhe Mosque Country: Iran City: Sorkhe Year of construction (AD): Unknown GPS: 35.464113 53.213335 Original Qibla: 241.7 (Between) Gibson Classificatoin: Never For a Link to the Qibla …

Biroon Mosque Abarkooh:

Mosque Name: Biroon Mosque Country: Iran City: Abarkuh Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 31.124929 53.295318 Original Qibla: 259.6 (Between) Rebuilt facing Mecca: Recently For a Link to the …

Tiberias Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Tiberias Umayyad Mosque Country: Israel City: Tiberias Upper Mosque Year of construction 740 CE / 112 AH Lower Mosque Year of construction 670 CE / 50 AH GPS: 32.776276 35.543996 ArchNet: …

Odigram Mosque:

Mosque Name: Odigram Mosque Country: Pakistan City: Raja Gir Year of construction (AH): 440 Year of construction (AD): 1048 GPS: 34.743141 72.314213 Qibla Direction: 273 Gibson Classification: Petra …

Nimes Graveyard:

Mosque Name: Nimes Graveyard Country: France City: Nimes Year of Burials: 800 - 900: GPS: 43.833353 4.351409 Gibson Classification: Parallel For a Link to the Qibla Tool Click Here Description: …

Muhammad bin Qasim Mosque:

Mosque Name: Muhammad bin Qasim Mosque Country: Pakistan City: Sindh Year of construction (AD): unknown, 712 or later Year of construction (AH): 93 AH or later GPS: 27.645815° 68.936360° Gibson …

Nahal 'Arod:

Mosque Name: Nahal ‘Arod Open Air Mosque Country: Negev City: Rural - Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.496555 34.707789 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing …

Be'er Karkom:

Mosque Name: Be’er Karkom - Two Open-Air Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 Be’er Karkom1 GPS: 30.289766 34.766608 Gibson …

Nahal Oded:

Mosque Name: Nahal Oded Open-Air Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.504929 34.707352 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Har Oded Mosque:

Mosque Name: Har Oded - Open-Air Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.508363 34.755601 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Bor Bator Mosque:

Mosque Name: Bor Bator. Open-Air Mosque Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.383096 34.610312 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Nahal Hazaz Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nahal Hazaz Open-Air Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.893767 34.863587 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Horvat Sharav Mosque:

Mosque Name: Horvat Sharav Open-Air Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.752364 34.899499 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Nahal La'ana Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nahal La'ana Mosques Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.730121 34.599858 Gibson Classification: Mecca Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Ramat Barnea Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ramat Barnea Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.681938 34.497799 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Sede Boker Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sede Boker Mosque Country: Negev City: Rural, Negev Highlands Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 30.881611 34.790761 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Naqah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nāqah Mosque Country: Libya City: Tripoli Year of construction (AD): 973 362 (AH) GPS: 32.895391 13.178872 Archnet: https://www.archnet.org/sites/3505 Gibson Classification: Parallel …

Shivta Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shivta Mosque Country: Negev City: Shivta (also known as Sobota, or Esbeita) Year of construction (AD): 701-760 GPS: 30.880825 34.631229 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing …

Samra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Samra Mosque Country: Jordan City: Samra, Mufraq Province Year of construction (AD): 600-699 GPS: 32.180045 36.162585 Gibson Classification:: Petra 198 Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Hubras Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ḥubrāṣ Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Ḥubrāṣ Year of construction (AH): 700-799 AD GPS: 32.672086, 35.841391 Gibson Classification: Petra 185.70 Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Hammam asSarah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hammam as-Sarah Mosque Country: Jordan City: near Hallabat Year of construction (AH): 700 - 799 GPS: 32.083627, 36.36301 Gibson Classification: Petra Qibla, 193, Harremoes measurment: …

Khirbet Burz Mosque:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Burz Mosque Country: Jordan City: Sama Rusan Year of construction (AH): 800-899 GPS: 32.623889, 35.799861 Gibson Classification: Unknown 141.11 Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Wadi Shireh:

Mosque Name: Wadi Shireh Open Air Mosque Country: Jordan City: Wadi Rum Year of construction (AH): 728 Year of construction (AD): 109 GPS: 29.777571, 35.609588 Gibson Classification: Unknown Rebuilt …

Nitl Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nitl Mosque Country: Jordan City: Nitl Year of construction (AD): 1100 CE GPS: 31.652248, 35.861363 Gibson Classification: Between 176.69 Description: A long rectangular mosque with …

Suf Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Country: Jordan City: Suf Year of construction (AH): 68 AH Year of construction (AD): 687 AD GPS: 32.31528, 35.83889 Gibson Classification: Petra, 200.9 …

Beni Hasan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ain Beni Hasan Mosque Country: Jordan City: Ain Beni Hasan Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 32.270165, 36.055454 Gibson Classification: Between Description: The prayer room is …

Uskaf Bani Junayd Mosque:

Mosque_Name: Uskāf Banī al-Junayd Mosque Classification: Between Year CE: 642-710 Year AH: 20-90 age_group: Early Umayyad City: Uskāf Banī Junayd Country: Iraq Rebuilt: No GPS: 33.0956 45.0460 (approx …

Rajum:

Mosque Name: Rajum Qasr and Mosque also known as: Rujm al-Kursī Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 600-699 GPS: 31.970292° 35.838694° Gibson Classification: Mosque Qibla: 183.9 …

Hayan Mishref:

Mosque Name: Hayan Mishref Country: Jordan City: Mufraq Governate Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 32.267299° 36.153612° Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: …

Sa'd:

Mosque Name: Sa’d Mosques, (north and south) Country: Jordan City: Sa’d Year of construction (AH): Umayyad North Mosque GPS: 32.341605 35.980332 South Mosque GPS: 32.339167 35.981111 …

Rahat Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nahal Peher Mosque Country: Negev City: Rahat Year of construction (AD): 600 - 800 CE GPS: 31.372357 34.764179 Gibson Classification: Unknown 174.81 from drawings Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Shamakhi Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shamakhi Friday Mosque Country: Azerbaijan City: Abarkuh Year of construction (AH): 125 Year of construction (AD): 743 GPS: 40.626828° 48.643781° ArchNet: Gibson Classification: Unknown …

Ruwafa:

GPS Coordinates: 27.752019° 36.226592° Ruwāfa is a small second-century structure that stands alone in the Arabian desert. It stands on the Nabataean north-south trade route in close proximity to a …

Sabata:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Sabata (Sabta) Country: Jordan City: Sabata Year of construction (AH): 600-699 GPS: 32.292694 35.851925 Gibson Classification: Petra 187° Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never Description: …

Habibi Neccar Mosque:

Mosque Name: Habib’i Neccar Country: Turkey City: Antakya Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 36.201553 36.165468 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Azraq Qasr:

Name: Qasr Azraq Country: Jordan City: Azraq GPS: 31.880208 36.827282 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never Mosque: The mosque faces the Between Qibla For a Link to the Qibla Tool …

Ghaen Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ghaen Mosque Country: Iran City: Ghaen Year of construction (AH): 796 Year of construction (CE): 1395 GPS: 33.725782 59.193121 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Heraqlah:

Mosque Name: Heraqlah Country: Syria City: Heraqlah Year of construction (AH): 190 Year of construction (CE): 806 GPS: 35.95673 38.93308 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never For …

Taza Mosque:

Mosque Name: The Great Mosque of Taza Country: Morocco City: Taza Year of construction (AH): 536 Year of construction (CE): 1142 GPS: 34.212503 -4.018969 ArchNet: archnet.org/sites/5017 Gibson …

Ramla Mosque:

Mosque Name: White Mosque Country: Israel City: Ramla Year of construction (CE): 1318 Some sources claim there was a structure on this site built around 700-750 GPS: 31.927568 34.865970 Gibson …

Tarsus-Gozlukule Mosque:

Mosque Name: Tarsus-Gözlükule Country: Turkey City: Tarsus Year of construction (CE): 750-799 GPS: 36.911115° 34.896216° Gibson Classification: Unknown \*\*Description:\*\* 750-799 CE Dated by …

Kharab Sayyar:

Mosque Name: Kharāb Sayyār Country: Syria City: Sayyār Year of construction 185 AH Year of construction: 801 CE GPS: 36.589464 39.561229 Gibson Classification: Mecca Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Resafa Syria:

Earliest Mecca facing mosque found so far. Resafa is in northern Syria and the city where Caliph Hisham ruled from.

Merida Mosque:

Mosque Name: Merida Fortress Mosque Country: Spain City: Merida Year of construction (AH): 220 Year of construction (AD): 835 GPS: 38.914912 -6.346902 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing …

Surt Mosque:

Mosque Name: Surt Mosque Country: Libya City: Surt, Year of construction (AH): 236 Year of construction (AD): 850 GPS: 31.207549 16.588975 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Susiya:

Mosque Name: Susiya Country: Palestine City: Negev Year of construction (AH): 193 Year of construction (AD): 809 GPS: 31.405529 35.102917 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Zaragoza:

Mosque Name: Zarazoga Mosque Country: Spain City: Zarazoga Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 41.654499 -0.875786 Gibson Classification: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Ashdod-Yam:

Located on the Israeli sea coast, Ashdod Yam was a fortification built by the Umayyads. The fort of “Minat al-Qal’a” (lit. “the port with the castle” in Arabic) was then …

Jebal Says:

Mosque Name: Jebal Says, Jabal Sais (Arabic: جبل سايس) Country: Syria City: Sebal Says Year of construction (AH): 88 Year of construction (AD): 707 GPS: 33.303148 37.359571 Gibson Classification: …

Beth Shean:

Mosque Name: Beth Shean Country: Israel City: Beth Shean Mosque 1: Year of construction (AH): 135 Year of construction (AD): 753 GPS: 32.503314 35.501948 Mosque 2: GPS: 32.502789 35.502790 Year of …

Ba'ayith Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ba’ayith Country: Saudi Arabia City: Ba’ayith Year of construction (AD): 750-799 GPS: 26.049907 41.922744 Gibson Classification: unknown Description: Identifying the …

Haidra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Haidra Umayyad Mosque Country: Tunisia City: Haydra Year of construction (AD): 700-800 CE GPS: 35.565529° 8.453322° Approx Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: Haïdra (Arabic: …

Tulul al-Ukhaydir :

While this site is listed in archaeological databases, the exact GPS coordinates are unknown. It seems to be south of the Karbala Cement Plant. The site dates from 700-750 from texts, pottery, …

Abu Ghush Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abū Ghūsh Country: Israel City: Aby Ghosh Year of construction (AD): 750-799 GPS: 31.810562 35.107872 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: Western Palestine is extremely rich in …

Nahal Omer:

Mosque Name: Nahal Omer Openair mosque Country: Negev Year of construction (AD): 750-799 GPS: 30.544067 35.177101 Gibson Classification: Between Description: This is one of the open air mosques found …

Volubilis:

Mosque Name: Volubilis Mosque Country: Morocco City: Walīla Year of construction (AD): 800 - 899 GPS: 34.072221 -5.555805 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: The name of Volubilis is known …

Shanga:

Mosque Name: Shanga Country: Kenya City:Shanga Year of construction (AD): 750-799 GPS: -2.125483 41.065378 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: The eaerly mosque is about 1.64 x 2.59 meters, …

Afrasiab Mosque:

Mosque Name: Afrasiab Mosque Country: Uzbekistan City: Afrasiab Settlement Year of construction (AD): 700-799 GPS: 39.669483 66.990691 approx Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: Reference to …

al Bara Mosque:

Mosque Name: al-Bāra Mosque Country: Syria City: Al-Bara Year of construction (AD): 750-799 GPS: 35.688414 36.531234 Gibson Classification: Mecca Description: The original GPS coordinates used here …

Tepe Madraseh:

Mosque Name: Tepe Madraseh Country: Iran Year of construction (AD): 785 GPS: 36.165943° 58.811741° Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: A Tepe is a mount or a tell. This tell was excavated in …

Siraf Site C, F, & M mosques:

Mosque Names: Siraf Site C & F mosques Country: Iran City: Siraf Site C Mosque Year of construction (AD): 802 GPS: 27.667838 52.341286 Gibson Classification: Unknown Site F mosque Year of …

Sabz :

Mosque Name: Sabz Country: Iran City: Pushan Year of construction (AD): 850 CE GPS: 36.03303 58.999801 Gibson Classification: unknown Description: A square mihrab was found in Room 3C1 during an …

Mezquita de Cordoba:

Mosque Name: Mezquita de Cordoba (phase 3) Country: Spain City: Cordoba Year of construction (AD): 855 CE GPS: 37.879075 -4.781293 Gibson Classification: unknown Description: An inscription was found …

El Naranjal de Almagro Cordoba:

Mosque Name: El Naranjal de Almagro Country: Spain City: Cordoba Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 37.875339 -4.793393 ArchNet: Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: Date of the mosque …

Toledo Mosque:

Mosque Name: El Salvador Mosque Country: Spain City: Toledo Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 39.856273 -4.026072 Gibson Classification: Parallel Description: The remains of this mosque were …

Bastam Ba-Yazid Mosque :

Mosque Name: Ba-Yazid Mosque Country: Iran City: Basṭām Year of construction (AD): 856 GPS: 36.7916 46.0173 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: A square mihrab was found at this site. …

Arja Sohar:

Mosque Name: ‘Arja Country: Oman City: Sohar Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 24.377190 56.450441 Gibson Classification: unknown Description: A semicurcular mihrab was found at the …

Basra Great Mosque:

Mosque Name: Baṣra Great Mosque Country: Iraq City: Baṣra Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 30.505133 47.814902 Gibson Classification: Between Description: This mosque was made of stone with a …

As-Samu Mosque:

Mosque Name: As-Samu Mosque Country: Negev City: Eshtemoa Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 31.401072 35.067306 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: A semicircular mihrab was found in …

Khirbat Abu Suwwana:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Abu Ṣuwwana Country: Palestine City: Maale Adumim Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 31.766268 35.300383 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: This is the site of an …

Jerash Saudi:

Mosque Name: Jerash Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Jerash Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 18.202619 42.824009 Gibson Classification: Petra Description: Dated through …

Sederot old mosque:

Mosque Name: Sederot Old Mosque Country: Israel City: Sederot Year of construction (AD): 800 - 899 GPS: 31.534786° 31.534786° Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: An old mosque with a …

Hulbuk Castle Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hulbuk Castle Mosque Country: Tajikistan City: Hulbuk Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 37.777524 69.556695 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: …

Mabiyyat Mosque:

Mosque Name: al-Mābiyyāt Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: al-Mābiyyāt Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 26.503742 38.053196 Gibson Classification: Between Description: Date of the mosque …

Asham Mosque:

Mosque Name: Asham Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: ASham Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 19.610885 41.211123 Gibson Classification: Rebuilt facing Mecca: Between Description: Dated from …

Ajdabiya Palace:

Mosque Name: Ajdābiyā Palace Mosque Country: Libya City: Ajdābiyā Year of construction (AH): 310 Year of construction (AD): 922 CE GPS: 30.757695 20.220012 Gibson Classification: Description: Dated …

Jerash Small Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jerash Small Mosque Country: Jordan City: Jerash Year of construction (CE): 700-799 GPS: 32.281250° 35.892972° Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never Description: The …

Maqam Jafr ibn Abi Talib:

Jafar was a companion and cousin of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, and an older brother of Ali. He died during the battle of Mut’ah, in 8 AH, during the time the prophet Muhammad was alive. The …

Maqam Zayid ibn Ali:

Mosque Name: Maqam of Zayd ibn Ali Country: Jordan City: Rabat, Moab Year of construction (AH): 740 Year of construction (AD): 122 GPS: 31.268628 35.743585 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt: 1566 …

Mu'tah Qasr and Tomb:

Mosque Name: Mu’tah Qasr and Tomb of Zayid ibn Ali Country: Jordan City: Mu’tah Year of construction (AH): 740 Year of construction (AD): 122 GPS: 31.089892 35.708814 Gibson …

Rashidiya:

This Jordanian Umayyad Qasr has been divided in two by a modern road. It faced Petra. There is a modern mosque beside it.

Beidha Mosques:

Mosque 1 Mosque Name: Umm Qussa Mosque 1 Country: Jordan City: Baidha (near Petra) Year of construction (CE): 800-899 GPS: 30.374861 35.454722 Gibson Classification: Mecca Description: Plan: A long …

Tabuk Mosque of the Prophet:

Mosque Name: Mosque of the Prophet or Masjid at-Tawba Country: Saudi Arabia City: Tabuk Year of construction (AH): Unknown (700-750) Year of construction (AD): Unknown (87-132) GPS: 28.384038 …

XianXian Mosque:

Mosque Name: XianXian Country: China City: Guangzhou Year of construction (AH): 8 Year of construction (AD): 629 GPS: 23.148262 23.148262 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Tell Shiloh:

Mosque Name: Jāmiʿ al-Sittīn Country: Israel City: Tell Shiloh Year of construction (AH): Early Umayyad GPS: 32.054689 35.290035 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Merv Mosques:

When the last Sassanian ruler, Yazdegerd III (632–651) was killed near the city and the Sassanian military governor surrendered to the approaching Arab army. Representatives of the caliph Umar …

Gaza Mosques:

Mosque Name: Gaza Great Mosque (Congregational) Country: Palestine City: Gaza Year of construction (AH): 14 Year of construction (AD): 635 GPS: 31.504283 34.464567 Gibson Classification: Petra Rebuilt …

Badajoz Mosque:

Mosque Name: Badajoz Mosque Country: Spain City: Badajoz Year of construction (AH): 267 Year of construction (AD): 880 GPS: 38.883681 -6.969402 Gibson Classification: Parallel Description: Excavations …

Rahba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Rahba Mosque Country: Syria City: Rahba Year of construction (AH): 215 Year of construction (AD): 830 GPS: 35.00676 40.424521 Gibson Classification: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Shuaibiyah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shuaibiyah Mosque Country: Syria City: Aleppo Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 36.198713 37.152282 Archnet: sites/3718 Gibson Classification: Rashidun Mosque: …

Dehistan:

Mosque Name: Dehistan Country: Turmenistan City: Dehistan Year of construction (AH): 184-286 Year of construction (AD): 800-899 GPS: 38.266425 54.621741 Gibson Classification: Unknown Description: …

Tlemcen Grand Mosque :

Mosque Name: Tlemcen Grand Mosque Country: Algeria City: Tlemcen Year of construction (AH): 475 Year of construction (AD): 1082 GPS: 34.883771 -1.310485 Gibson Classification: Parallel Description: …

Meknes Grand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Meknes Grand Mosque Country: Morocco City: Meknes Year of construction (AH): 552 Year of construction (AD): 1150 GPS: 33.894839 -5.564855 Gibson Classification:Parallel Description: Like …

Koutoubia Mosque:

Mosque Name: Koutoubia Mosque Country: Morocco City: Marrakesh Year of construction (AH): 541 Year of construction (AD): 1147 GPS: 31.623757 -7.993366 Gibson Classification: Parallel Description: …