This is the master list of historical sites which are covered on this website. (Not including Petra and Meda’in Saleh which have their own sections.) Each of the places listed here are found throughout this website site, such as lists of stopping places on trade routes, or mosques built during early Islam.

Nabataean Cities in the Negev:

The Bedouin tribes in the Negev and the Sinai all trace their origins back to the Arabian Peninsula, somewhere between the 14th and 17th centuries. According to Bedouin traditions and historical …

The Wall:

Sometime back in history, someone living in this same area as the Nabataean Inner Kingdom decided to do something about the desert raids. Their solution was brilliant. Forts were constructed on …

The Negev Wall:

A WALL IN THE NEGEV Pictures copyright 2003 Arieh Bar-Lev This wall is known as the K-Line and it is located between Mt. Ramon in the central Negev (100 km south from Beer-Sheva) and Mt. Romem. The …

Bosra, Syria:

Bostra was the northern capital of the Nabataeans, located in southern Syria at the northern end of the Via Nova Traiana roadway. When the Romans annexed the Nabataean Empire, Bostra became the …

Bozrah :

Bozrah was the capital city of the Edomites, once they settled from their nomadic lifestyle. It is located in modern day Jordan along the King’s Highway. The photo below, taken from the west …

Wadi Rum:

A Nabataean settlement was discovered in Wadi Rum by G. Horsfield and excavated by himself in the early 1930s. Later in May 1959 D. Kirkbride conducted another excavation. In 1962 the Department of …

Humeima:

Copyright 2002 CanBooks The Nabataean city of Humeima (ancient Hawara) an important historical site, as it is a city that was founded by the Nabataeans, and survived only into the Byzantine era. …

South Forts:

View from the Naqab Escarpment near the Naqab fort East of Naqab Naqab Fort (Location: N 29 degrees, 59.863, E 035 degrees 30.281, Elevation 5495 feet) Just east of the old highway, in the village …

Sumhuram:

The ancient port of Sumhuram is located near the modern city of Salalah in southern Oman. It was most active between the 4th century BC and the 4th century AD. It is built in the area of Khor Rori and …

Cane (Qana'):

Cane (Qana) was the southern most port in South Arabia. The incense fields, and the heartland of Yemen were to the north of this port. Incense was loaded onto dhows here for destinations in Europe via …

Aden:

The ancient city of Aden is located at the south west corner of Yemen. It was built at the base of a volcano that rises up to 300 metes from sea level. The old port was built in the back of the bay …

Muza (Al Mokha):

The port of al Mokha has been in use since ancient time. However, once the maritime incense route was established, this port became a busy center of trade. Once the Nabataean Empire was handed over to …

Berenice:

Around 275 BC, Ptolemy II (Philadelphos), king of Egypt, founded a port on the Red Sea coast. He named it after his mother, Berenike I. This port was originally created to aid in the importation of …

Philotera:

The ancient port of Philotera is known today as Safaga. It is a small port 65 km south of Hurghada. The modern port stands amongst the ruins of the old port of Philotera built by King Ptolemy II from …

Myos Hormos:

For many years the location of the northern Egyptian port on the Red Sea was unknown. Ancient historians like Strabo and the writer of The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea’ gave us know clue to …

Nessana:

A Nabataean city in the Negev

Leuce Come:

The Nabataeans maintained two ports that we know about. The first was Aila at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba. The Nabataeans also maintained a port on the Red Sea known as Leuce Come (meaning …

Aila Port (Ayla):

The Nabataeans maintained a port at Aila at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba. This port was used almost exclusively by Arab ships as the Gulf of Aqaba was known for its foul winds, making it a …

Hawara (Humeima):

The Nabataean city of Hawara (modern Humeima) is an important historical site, as it is a city that was founded by the Nabataeans, and survived only into the Byzantine era. During the Muslim …

Gryn:

Gryn is located in the southern highlands of Jordan, south of Ayl. On the hill-top stands a fortification, while the artesian wells empty their water into ancient cisterns and aqueducts below the …

Ayl:

Ayl was a major stopping center for camel caravans in the Edomite highlands. Here there was water and fodder. Special thanks to Fawzi Abudanh for this great picture taken on November 2003. Fawzi was …

Sela:

Sela is one of the first places that the Nabataeans appear, long before they settled into the area that was to become Nabataea. The mountain of Sela suited them well, for Sela is a small mountain with …

Wadi Arabah:

A wadi is a dry river bed or valley. Wadi Arabah is one of the larger wadi’s in the Middle East. It extends 165 km north from Aqaba to the Dead Sea. From Here on it is known as the Ghor, which …

Sobota:

Sobota was a Nabataean agricultural city in the Negev. A ring of houses faced inwards, providing protection.The city had churches and a temple.

Wadi Fiqreh:

This long wadi or dry river bed was the main conduit for caravan traffic between Avdat (Obodat) and Wadi Arabah. There were several wells along this route, as the camel caravans would pass down the …

Mampsis:

Mampsis was the smallest of the traditional six Nabataean towns in the central Negev. The ruins are quite exposed and in a state of excellent preservation. The town plan, from the Nabataean period, …

Obodat (Avdat):

This ancient caravan station evolved into a large desert city known as Obodat (after a Nabataean king). It was first founded as a road station in the 3rd century BC where two trade routes converged. …

Ruheiba:

This Nabataean city is 12 km south of Elusa, and is located in a nature conservation area. It can only be visited by agreement of the authorities. The city has three large churches, several impressive …

Gaza (Jenysos) (Roman Teda):

Gaza is one of the older cities in the world. The city is strategically situated between two continents, Asia and Africa. This geographical location made the city acquire a strategic and extraordinary …

Elusa (Haluza):

This Nabataean city can only be reached with a four-wheel drive. It is covered in sand, but has a very impressive church, theater, and inscriptions. In the 5th century it was surrounded by vinyards …

Palmyra City:

Palmyra was a merchant city, established because of trade routes. During the Bronze Age around 2000 BC, Puzur-Ishtar the Tadmorean (Palmyrene) agreed to a contract at an Assyrian trading colony in …

Palmyra Central Mosque:

The large central mosque in Palmyra was built early in the Islamic era. A Roman structure originally occupied the location, which stands near a major cross roads of the old city. Early Muslims …

PETRA: The Siq (Thaniya):

A “thaniya” is a small crack in a mountain. The city of Petra had several thaniyas, or passages through the mountain. The main one is known as the “siq” alowing people to pass …

Al-Uyaynah:

(Modern Al-Bid, also known as Maghair Shoaib) The ancient oasis town of Al Uyaynah (modern Al-Bid) is located about 225 km northwest of Tabuk. It was originally mentioned by Ptolemy) The tombs …

PETRA: Jebal Haroun:

by Tamás Arany Historical background Jabal Haroun (Aaron’s mountain) is the highest peak in the mountains few kilometres south-west from the ancient city of Petra. The local tradition believes …

PETRA: Ancient Board Games:

At the Second Annual Conference for Nabataean Studies, Dr. Bilal Khrisat of the Hashemite University presented a paper that introduced the conference to the various board games that are found in …

Wadi Rum: Valley of Board Games:

At the Second Annual Conference for Nabataean Studies, Dr. Bilal Khrisat of the Hashemite University, presented a paper that introduced the conference to the various board games that are found in …

The Northern Desert Trek:

Crossing the trackless desert can be a life-threatening experience, if you do not know any sources of water. The ancient Nabataeans created routes through the desert by creating their own watering …

Tayma:

Tayma is a desert oasis in Saudi Arabia. In the center of the oasis is a large well, thought to be around 2,500 years old. (Bir Haddaj). It is mentioned in the Bible: “The inhabitants of the …

Dedan:

Ancient Dedan is known as Al Ula today. In the ruins of the old city there are inscriptions that indicate the Dedanites were preceded by a Minean settlement. The Mineans established a center at this …

Khaybar:

For many centuries, the oasis at Khaybar was an important caravan stopping place. The center developed around a series of ancient dams that was built to hold back run-off water from the rain. Around …

Zimbabwe:

The name Zimbabwe comes from Shona, the language of the Mashona people meaning ‘stone houses.’ It is applied to any of the 200 stone ruins scattered throughout southern Rhodesia. The …

Ubar:

The legendary city of Ubar was once a center of trade and wealth. According to legends and accounts by early historians, this city was fabulously wealthy as it was located on the overland incense …

Shibam (Hadramaut):

Shibam was the capital of the Hadramaut district of Southern Arabia. This district produced incense and exported it to Timna. Later, when the maritime route opened up, the the Hadramautians traded …

Timna :

Yemen, Timna,

Yathul:

The city of Baraqish was known as Yathul in ancient times. This city was the capital of the Minaean Kingdom around 400 BC. It is located about 30 km north from the Marib dam and must be accessed by 4 …

Sa'ada:

Located in the north of present day Yemen this ancient walled city is still inhabited. The city is built completely from free-formed mud. The city wall surrounds the ancient city, and visitors …

Najran:

Najran was an important stopping place on the Incense Road. It is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. The oasis of Najran has been inhabited for about 4,000 years. Najran’s most …

Medina:

Known in ancient times as Yathrib, this important caravan stop is now out of bounds to all non-Muslims. We have not been able to obtain any pictures or clear information about the state or …

The Southern Desert Trek:

South of Medina the incense caravans took several different routs. Some traveled through the rugged mountains, while others kept closer to the desert to avoid inhabited places where thieves or taxes …

'Umar ibn al-Khattab Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Country: Saudi Arabia City: Dawmat al-Jandal Year of construction (AH): 13 AH Year of construction (AD): 634 AD GPS: 29°48’43.30"N …

Salalah:

Salalah Port in South Arabia Ancient Al Baleed (Zofar?) Zofar, Baleel, Salalah museum The Museum of Frankincense Land opened in 2007 near Salalah at al Baleed Park in Oman’s southern region of …

Quba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Quba Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 1 AH Year of construction (AD): 622 AD GPS: 24.46’83.33°N 39.610833°E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/548 …

Mar Elyas Hill:

Mar Elyas Hill is about 9 km north west of Ajoun Castle in northern Jordan, in a woodland surrounded by wild trees one each side. the site is a small hill which is about 900m above sea level. However …

Mosque of the Prophet:

Mosque Name: Mosque of the Prophet Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 2 AH Year of construction (AD): 623 AD GPS: 24.468333°N 39.610833°E ArchNet: …

Jamia-Janad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jamial-Janad Country: Yemen City: Janad Year of construction (AH): 6 AH Year of construction (AD): 627 AD GPS: 13°40’7.49” N 44°10’0.06"E ArchNet: …

Ajoun Castle:

Ajloun Castle (قلعة عجلون‎) Qalʻat ‘Ajloun, is a 12th-century Muslim castle situated in northwestern Jordan. It is placed on a hilltop belonging to the Mount Ajloun district, also known as Jabal …

Shoubak Castle:

Shoubak was built by the Crusader king Baldwin I in 1115. Its defenders withstood numerous attacks from the armies of Saladin (Salah ad Din) before succumbing in 1189 (a year after Karak), after an …

Jawatha Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jawatha Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Al-Kilabiyah Year of construction (AH): 8 AH Year of construction (AD): 629 AD GPS: 25°28’11” N 49°40’43” E Original …

Cheraman Juma Mosque:

Mosque Name: Cheraman Juma Country: India City: Methala, Karala Year of construction (AH): 8 AH Year of construction (AD): 629 AD GPS: 10.223355° 76.166579° Original Qibla: Unknown Rebuilt facing …

Mosque of the Prophet Yunus:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Prophet Jonah Country: Iraq City: Mosoul Year of construction (AH): 16 AH Year of construction (AD): 637 AD GPS: 35° 8’3.87"N 36°44’55.63"E ArchNet: …

Kufa Grand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kufa Grand Mosque Country: Iraq City: Kufa Year of construction (AH): 16 AH Year of construction (AD): 638 AD GPS: 32°01’43"N 44°24’03"E ArchNet: …

Imam Shafi'i Mosque:

Mosque Name: Imam Shafi ‘i’ Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Jeddah Year of construction (AH): 649 AH Year of construction (AD): 1251 AD GPS: 21°29’10.42"N …

Hala Sultan Tekke:

Mosque Name: Hala Sultan Tekke Country: Cyprus City: Larnaca Year of construction (AH): 28 AH Year of construction (AD): 649 GPS: 34°53’6.56"N 33°36’38.53"E Original Qibla: …

Sidi ‘Ukba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Sidi ‘Ukba Country: Algeria City:Biska Year of construction (AH): 67 AH Year of construction (AD): 686 AD GPS: 34°44’57.81”N 5°53’50.99”E Original Qibla: unknown Rebuilt …

Sidi 'Ukba Graveyard :

Country: Algeria City: Biska Year of construction (AH): 67 AH Year of construction (AD): 686 AD GPS: 34.751291 5.895186 Original Qibla: Parallel

Dome of the Rock:

Mosque Name: Dome of the Rock Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 71 AH Year of construction (AD): 690 AD GPS: 31.7780°N 35.2354°E ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/2814 …

Zeila Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qiblatain Mosque (Mosque of the Two Qiblas) Country: Somolia City: Zeila Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 11.353723° 43.471351° Original …

Burqu Qasr:

Mosque Name: Qasr Burqu’ Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 81 AH Year of construction (AD): 700 AD GPS: 34° 0’26.03”N 36°12’25.59”E Original Qibla: unknown Rebuilt …

Khamis Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid al Khamis Country: Bahrain City: Manama Year of construction (AH): 99 AH Year of construction (AD): 717 AD GPS: Coordinates: 26.2082°N 50.5483°E ArchNet: …

Kerak Castle:

Kerak Castle (قلعة الكرك‎) is a large Crusader castle located in the town of al-Karak, Jordan. It is one of the largest crusader castles in the Levant. Construction of the castle began in the 1140s, …

Mosque of Rusafa:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Rusafa Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 105 AH Year of construction (AD): 724 AD GPS: 33°19’54?N 44°24’55?E Original Qibla: unknown Rebuilt …

Qasr Muwaqqar:

Mosque Name: Qasr Muwaqqar Country: Jordan City: Muwaqqar Year of construction (AH): 104 AH Year of construction (AD): 723 AD GPS: 31°48’45.63"N 36° 6’13.67"E Original Qibla: …

Grand Hussein Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid al-Umawi Country: Amman City: Jordan Year of construction (AH): 106 AH Year of construction (AD): 725 AD GPS: 31°56’59.16"N 35°56’5.15"E Original Qibla: …

Huajuexiang Mosque:

Mosque Name: Huajuexiang Mosque Country: China City: Xian Year of construction (AH): 124 AH Year of construction (AD): 742 AD GPS: http://archnet.org/sites/3973 ArchNet: …

Qusayr Amra:

Mosque Name: Qusayr Amra Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 126 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 31°48’6.89"N 36°35’14.19"E Original Qibla: …

Shibam Palace & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shibam Palace Country: Yemen City: Shibam Year of construction (AH): 135 AH Year of construction (AD): 753 AD GPS: 5°55’35.62"N 48°37’31.83"E ArchNet: …

Qasr 'Uweinid:

Mosque Name: Qasr Uweinid Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th Century GPS: 31°47’6.14"N 36°44’2.44"E Original …

Fenghuang Mosque:

Mosque Name: Fenghuang Mosque Country: China City: Hangzhou Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 30°14’43.67"N 120°10’14.50"E ArchNet: …

Be'er Ora:

Mosque Name: Be’er Ora Qiblatain Mosque Open Air Mosque Country: Negev, Israel City: Beer Ora Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 29°42’41.53"N …

Erbil GrandMosque:

Mosque Name: Old Sawafa Mosque Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36°11’0.70"N 44° 0’13.71"E Original Qibla: …

Guangzhou Mosque:

Mosque Name: Huaisheng Mosque Country: China City: Guangzhou Year of construction (AH): 6 AH Year of construction (AD): 627 GPS: 23° 7’33.65"N 113°15’13.21"E ArchNet: …

Ishfan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mashid i’Jami’ Ishfan Country: Iran City:Ishfam Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 32°40’10.96"N 51°41’6.80"E …

Job's Tomb & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Job’s Tomb Country: Oman City: Salallah Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 17° 6’42.00"N 53°59’38.57"E ArchNet: …

Kazmiyya Mosque:

Mosque Name: Shrine of Kazmiyya Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 183 AH Year of construction (AD): 799 AD GPS: 33°22’47.20"N 44°20’17.08"E ArchNet: …

Al-Asha'ir Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al-Asha’ir Mosque Country: Yemen City: Zabid Year of construction (AH): 184 AH or 3rd century AH Year of construction (AD): 820 AD or 9th century GPS: 14°11’45.32"N …

Qasr Al-Hallabat:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Hallabat Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 212 AH Year of construction (AD): 827 AD GPS: 32° 5’35.51"N 36°19’40.96"E Original …

Shibam Aqyan Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jamia’ al Kabir Country: Yemen City: Shibam Aqyan Year of construction (AH): 257 AH Year of construction (AD): 871 AD GPS: 15°30’33.55"N 43°54’10.49"E ArchNet: …

Fahraj Mosque:

Mosque Name: Fahraj Masjid i-Jami’ Country: Iran City: Fahraj Year of construction (AH): unkown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 28°57’11.47"N 58°53’4.55"E ArchNet: …

Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qiblatain Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Medina Year of construction (AH): 5 AH Year of construction (AD): 626 AD GPS: 24°29’2.72"N 39°34’43.17"E ArchNet: …

Hama Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’ Hama al-Kabir Country: Syria City: Hama Year of construction (AH): 15 AH Year of construction (AD): 637 AD GPS: 35° 8’3.87"N 36°44’55.63"E ArchNet: …

Fustat Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’ ‘Amr ibn al-‘As Country: Egypt City: Fustat Year of construction (AH): 21 AH Year of construction (AD): 642 AD GPS: 30° 0’38.74"N …

Dome of the Chain:

Mosque Name: Dome of the Chain Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 71 AH Year of construction (AD): 690 AD GPS: 31.77785N 35.235808E Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: …

Humeima Abbas House:

Mosque Name: Humeima Abbas House Country: Jordan City: Humeima Year of construction (AH): 80 AD Year of construction (AD): 699 GPS: 29°56’59.64"N 35°20’45.33"E Original Qibla: …

Seven Sleepers Mosque:

Mosque Name: Seven Sleepers Cave Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th Century GPS: 31°53’56.14"N 35°58’25.81"E …

Jerash Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: erash Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Jerash Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 32°16’44.96"N 35°53’28.71"E Original …

Aqaba Umayyad Mosque :

Mosque Name: Aqaba Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Aqaba Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 29°31’52.06"N 35° 0’1.91"E Original …

Qasr Mushash complex:

Mosque Name: Qasr Mushash Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 7th century GPS: 31°48’47.90"N 36°18’56.93"E Original …

Qasr El-Bai’j:

Mosque Name: Qasr El-Bai’j Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): pre-Islam Year of construction (AD): 410 GPS: 32°22’7.32"N 36°20’33.28"E Original Qibla: …

Um Jemal Castellum:

Mosque Name: Um Jemal Later Castellum Country: Jordan City: Um Jemal Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 32°19’29.56"N 32°19’29.56"N Original …

Um Jemal House Mosque:

Mosque Name: Um Jemal Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Um Jemal Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): 8th Century GPS: 32.329064° 36.370053° Original Qibla: Between Rebuilt facing …

Um Jemal:

The city of Um al Jemal covers several acres, and is filled with tumbled down buildings. All of the buildings are made from dark rock native to the location, so that from a distance Um al Jemal …

Kathisma Church:

Mosque Name: Kathisma Church Country: Israel City: Bethlehem Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°44’21.74"N 35°12’46.99"E Original …

Sana'a Great Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque Country: Yemen City: Sana’a Year of construction (AH): 86 AH Year of construction (AD): 705 AD GPS: 15°21’11.28"N 44°12’54.80"E ArchNet: …

Khirbat al Minya:

Mosque Name: Khirbat al Minya Country: Israel City: Khirbat al Minya Year of construction (AH): 87 AH Year of construction (AD): 706 AD GPS: 32°51’56.40"N 35°32’11.72"E ArchNet: …

Wasit Mosque:

Mosque Name: Wasit Hajjaj Mosque Country: Iraq City: Wasit Year of construction (AH): 87 AH Year of construction (AD): 706 AD GPS: 32°11’20.80"N 46°16’54.20"E ArchNet: Original …

Tari Khana Mosque:

Mosque Name: Masjid i-Tari Khana Country: Iran City: Damghan Year of construction (AH): 89 AH Year of construction (AD): 708 AD GPS: 36° 9’48.91"N 54°21’15.12"E ArchNet: …

Al Aqsa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al Aqsa Mosque Country: Israel City: Jerusalem Year of construction (AH): 90 AH Year of construction (AD): 709 AD GPS: 31°46’32.63"N 35°14’8.27"E ArchNet: …

Damascus Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al-Umawi al-Kabir Country: Syria City: Damascus Year of construction (AH): 91 AH Year of construction (AD): 709 AD GPS: 33°30’41.98” N 36°18’24.85"E …

Qasr al-Kharanah:

Mosque Name: Qasr al-Kharanah Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 92 AH Year of construction (AD): 710 AD GPS: 31°43’44?N 36°27’46.06"E Original Qibla: …

Amman Umayyad Mosque:

Mosque Name: Amman Umayyad Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 82 AH Year of construction (AD): 710 AD GPS: 31°57’16.48"N 35°56’4.53"E Original Qibla: …

Um Al Walid:

Mosque Name: Um Al Walid Country: Jordan City: Al Zafaran Year of construction (AH): 93 AH Year of construction (AD): 712 AD GPS: 31°36’56.97"N 35°52’17.42"E Original Qibla: …

Khann Zabib:

Mosque Name: Khirbet Khann al Zabib Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 93 AH Year of construction (AD): 712 AD GPS: 31°30’49.91"N 36° 6’2.63"E …

Khirbit al Mufjar Mosque:

Mosque Name: Khirbit al Mufjar Country: Israel City: Jericho Year of construction (AH): 95 AH Year of construction (AD): 714 AD GPS: 31°53’9.86"N 35°27’32.56"E ArchNet: …

Anjar Palace Mosque:

Mosque Name: Anjar Palace Mosque Country: Lebanon City: Anjar Year of construction (AH): 95 AH Year of construction (AD): 714 AD GPS: 33°43’55.23"N 35°56’1.79"E ArchNet: …

Aleppo Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al Umawi al Kabir Country: Syria City: Aleppo Year of construction (AH): 96 AH Year of construction (AD): 715 AD GPS: 36.199492°N 37.156911°E ArchNet: …

Qasr Qastal:

Mosque Name: Qasr Qastal Country: Jordan City: Qastal Year of construction (AH): 101 AH Year of construction (AD): 720 AD GPS: 31°44’45.68"N 35°56’23.24"E Original Qibla: Petra …

Bosra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Bosra Country: Syria City: Bosra Year of construction (AH): 102 AH Year of construction (AD): 721 AD GPS: 32°31’16.95"N 36°28’58.70"E ArchNet: …

Hayr al Gharbi Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hayr al Gharbi Mosque Country: Syria City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 107 AH Year of construction (AD): 726 AD GPS: 34°20’39.77"N 37°35’3.67"E ArchNet: …

Banbhore Mosque:

Mosque Name: Banbhore Mosque Country: Pakistan City: Banbhore Year of construction (AH): 109 AH Year of construction (AD): 727 AD GPS: 24°45’8.64"N 67°31’21.11"E ArchNet: …

Hayr al Sharqi Mosque:

Mosque Name: Hayr al Sharqi Mosque Country: Syria City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 110 AH Year of construction (AD): 728 AD GPS: 35° 4’25.52"N 39° 4’14.92"E …

Amman Umayyad Palace and Mosque:

Mosque Name: Amman Umayyad Palace and Mosque Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 112 AH Year of construction (AD): 730 AD GPS: 31°57’16.48"N 35°56’4.53"E …

Zaytouna Mosque:

Mosque Name: Zaytouna Mosque Country: Tunisia City: Tunis Year of construction (AH): 115 AH Year of construction (AD): 732 AD GPS: 36°47’50.73” N 10°10’16.88"E ArchNet: …

Baalbeck Mosque:

Mosque Name: Baalbeck Mosque Country: Lebanon City: Baalbeck Year of construction (AH): 122 AH Year of construction (AD): 740 AD GPS: 0’26.03"N 36°12’25.59"E ArchNet: …

Qasr Bayir:

Mosque Name: Qasr Bayir Country: Jordan City: Deasert Castle Year of construction (AH): 125 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 30°45’43.33"N 36°40’45.58"E Original Qibla: …

Mushatta Palace & Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mushatta Palace Country: Jordan City: Amman Year of construction (AH): 125 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 31°44’17.42"N 36° 0’35.95"E ArchNet: …

Qasr Tubah:

Mosque Name: Qasr Tubah Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 126 AH Year of construction (AD): 743 AD GPS: 31°19’32"N 36°34’15"E Original Qibla: …

Harran University Mosque:

Mosque Name: Harran University Mosque Country: Turkey City: harran Year of construction (AH): 127 AH Year of construction (AD): 744 AD GPS: 36°51’57.99”N 39°1’51.24”E Original Qibla: Between Rebuilt …

Mansur Mosque:

Mosque Name: Mosque of Mansur Country: Iraq City: Baghdad Year of construction (AH): 145 AH Year of construction (AD): 762 AD GPS: unknown location ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/5374 Original …

Ukhaydir Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Ukhaydir Country: Iraq City: Kufa Year of construction (AH): 146 AH Year of construction (AD): 764 AD GPS: 32°26’25.91"N 43°36’13.39"E ArchNet: …

Ribat Fortress:

Mosque Name:Ribat Fortress and Mosque Country: Tunisia City: Ribat Year of construction (AH): 153 AH Year of construction (AD): 770 AD GPS: 35°49’39.45"N 10°38’19.42"E Original …

Tauste Islamic Graves:

Mosque Name: Tauste Islamic Graves Country: Spain City: Tauste Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 41°55’0.80"N 1°15’17.34"W ArchNet: …

Yammama Mosque:

Mosque Name: Yammama Mosque Country: Saudi Arabia City: Yamama/Al-Kharaj Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 24°11’31.79"N 47°21’7.27"E …

Qasr Al-Fudayn:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Fudayn Country: Jordan City: Mufraq Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 32°20’44.32"N 36°12’2.55"E Original Qibla: …

Qasr Ain al-Sil:

Mosque Name: Qasr Ain al-Sil Country: Jordan City: Azrak Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°53’40.36"N 36°50’44.98"E Original …

Qasr 'Azraq:

Mosque Name: Qasr ‘Azraq Country: Jordan City: ‘Azraq Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°52’48.62"N 36°49’38.78"E …

Qasr Aseikhin Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Aseikhin Mosque Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 31°56’46.14"N 36°57’6.91"E …

Sayh Ramdah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sayh Ramdah Mosque Country: Oman City: Bowshar Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 23°32’36.06"N N 58°23’54.99"E Original …

Ibra Qiblatain Mosque:

Mosque Name: Ibra Qiblatain Mosque Country: Oman City: Ibra Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 22.701938° 58.527554° Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing …

Yogharta Mosque:

Mosque Name: Yogharta Mosque Country: Morocco City: Beni Bouabdellah Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 34°49’16.54"N 2°30’11.43"W …

Bazaar Qaisariya:

Mosque Name: Bazaar Qaisariya Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36°11’26.10"N 44° 0’36.34"E Original Qibla: …

Sawaf Mosque:

Mosque Name: Old Sawafa Mosque Country: Iraq City: Erbil Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 36°11’0.70"N 44° 0’13.71"E Original Qibla: …

Raqqa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Raqqa Mosque Country: Syria City: Raqqa Year of construction (AH): 155 AH Year of construction (AD): 772 AD GPS: 35°57’7.39"N 39° 1’15.64"E ArchNet: …

Bibi Samarkand Mosque:

Mosque Name: Bibi Samarkand Country: Uzbekistan City: Samarkand Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 39°39’38.39"N 66°58’49.57"E ArchNet: …

Abdul Qader Yagouri Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abdul Qader Yagouri Mosque Country: Algeria City: Béni Abbès Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th Century GPS: 30°08’00.5"N 2°09’50.3"W …

Cordoba Mosque:

Mosque Name: Cordoba Mosque Country: Spain City: Cordoba Year of construction (AH): 168 AH Year of construction (AD): 784 AD GPS: 37°52’45.23"N 4°46’46.46"W ArchNet: …

Qasr Al-Hallabat Mosque:

Mosque Name: Qasr Al-Hallabat Mosque Country: Jordan City: Desert Castle Year of construction (AH): 212 AH Year of construction (AD): 827 AD GPS: 32° 5’35.51"N 36°19’40.96"E …

Uqba Ibn Nafi' Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’ Uqba Ibn Nafi Country: Tunisia City: Kairouan Year of construction (AH): 221 AH Year of construction (AD): 836 AD GPS: 35°40’54.16"N 10° 6’13.75"E …

Samarra Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Samarra Country: Iraq City: Samarra Year of construction (AH): 232 AH Year of construction (AD): 847 AD GPS: 34°11’56.26"N 43°52’24.76"E ArchNet: …

Susa Mosque:

Mosque Name: Great Mosque of Susa Country: Tunisia City: Susa Year of construction (AH): 236 H Year of construction (AD): 850 AD GPS: 35°49’36.76"N 10°38’23.07"E ArchNet: …

Nisibis:

The city of Nisibis was home to Severus Sebokht an early mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer, who is the earliest Middle Eastern person to mention how the Hindu number system works. He also …

Abu Dulaf Mosque:

Mosque Name: Abu Dulaf Mosque Country: Iraq City:Samarra Year of construction (AH): 245 AH Year of construction (AD): 859 AD GPS: 34° 21’ 39.6000” 43° 48’ 9.0000” ArchNet: …

Three Doors Mosque:

Mosque Name: Jami’a al-Abwab al Thalathah Country: Tunisia City: Kairouan Year of construction (AH): 252 AH Year of construction (AD): 866 AD GPS: GPS Coordinates: 35°40’44.01"N 10° …

Ibn Tulun Mosque:

Mosque Name: bn Tulun Mosque Country: Egypt City: Cairo Year of construction (AH): 263 AH Year of construction (AD): 876 AD GPS: 30°01’44"N 31°14’58"E ArchNet: …

Asnaq Mosque:

Mosque Name: Friday Mosque Country: Iran City: Asnaq Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): unknown GPS: 38° 3’42.97"N 47°11’20.90"E ArchNet: …

Nine Domed Mosque:

Mosque Name: Nine Domed Mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Balkh Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 9th century GPS: 36°43’47.1"N 66°53’7.1"E ArchNet: …

Al Balid Mosque:

Mosque Name: Baliid Mosque Country: Sallalah City: Oman Year of construction (AH): unknown Year of construction (AD): 8th century GPS: 17° 0’21.45”N 54° 7’49.83”E Original Qibla: Mecca Description: Al …

Qariya Al-Faw:

The ancient site known as "Al-Faw", is located about 700 km southwest of Riyadh and about 150 km southeast of Al-Khamasin in Wadi Ad-Dawasir. To the northeast of Al-Faw is the Arabian Desert known as …

Harat Friday Mosque:

Mosque Name: Harat Friday Mosque Country: Afghanistan City: Harrat Year of construction (AH): 596 AH Year of construction (AD): 1200 AD GPS: 34°20’34.93"N 62°11’44.07"E ArchNet: …

Ar-Rabadha:

This site is an early Islamic city situated on the pilgrimage route running between Al-Kufa in Iraq and Mecca. It lies about 200 km east of Medina. Twenty years of excavation on the site have revealed …

Thaj:

The ruins of Thaj can be seen about 80 km west of Al-Jubail. It is a small village situated beside a dry lakebed generally known as “Sabkah”. The archaeological excavations undertaken by …

Adumatu:

In Assyrian records dating from 845 BC, Adumatu (modern Dumat Al-Jandal) is mentioned as the capital of the Arab kingdoms. According to the text, Sennacherib captured Adumatu in 688 BC, and arrested …

Al-'Uqair:

The main port of Al-Ahsa on the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, Al-‘Uqair is a large archaeological site containing old government buildings and a mosque built during the early days of King …

Tarut:

Tarut is an island of four square kilometers on the Arabian Gulf near Al-Qatif, It is joined to Al-Qatif by a 4 km natural land bridge, which varies in width from 10 to 20 meters. The historic town of …

Al Uyaynah (Maghair Shoaib):

The ancient oasis town of Al Uyaynah (modern Al-Bid) is located about 225 km northwest of Tabuk. It was originally mentioned by Ptolemy) The tombs carved in the mountains are attributed to the …

Al-Ukhdoud:

The Saudi Ministry of Antiquities and Museums has been excavating this site since 1981. It is near Najran. The results have revealed an fortification with exterior wall built of finely shaped stones …

Massawa Mosque:

Location: Massawa, Eritria GPS: 15.611981 39.480632 Qibla Direction: Petra (Jerusalem is very close as well) The Mosque of the Companions (Masjid aṣ-Ṣaḥābah) is a mosque in the port city of Massawa, …

Zawilah Mosque:

This is claimed by some to be the first mosque in the Sahara Desert. Kufic. This congregational mosque was subsequently partially excavated by Ziegert and Abdussalam (1969, 1973) and more …

Siraf Congregational Mosque:

Mosque Name: Siraf Friday Mosque Country: Iran Year of construction (AD): 9th century GPS: 27.667298 52.335089 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3856 Original Qibla: Mecca Description Located near …

Siraf Early Mosque:

Mosque Name: Siraf Early Mosque Country: Iran, Year of construction (AD): 750 AD, GPS: 27.668227 52.331410, Original Qibla: Petra, Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never, Description: Located on the Iranian …

Ali Shrine Najaf:

The Shrine of Ali City: Najaf, Iraq Year of construction (AD): 786 GPS: 31.995885 44.314421 Original Qibla: North of Petra, south of Jerusalem Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never Description: The Abassid …

Najaf Graveyard:

Wādī al-Salām or the ‘Valley of Peace’ is an Islamic cemetery, located in the Shia holy city of Najaf, Iraq. It is the largest cemetery in the world and covers 1,485.5 acres (6.01 km2; …

Imam Riza Shrine:

The Imam Riza Shrine Complex was developed on the site of the eighth Imam’s grave, in what was at the time of his death in 817 the small village of Sanabad. In the tenth century the town …

Husn Umayyad Mosque:

Al-Husn is located nearly 8 km south of Irbid and 70 km north of Amman. The highway which connects Irbid with Amman, intersects the town of Husn, dividing it into eastern and western sections. The …

Great Mosque Kilwa:

GPS Coordinates: -8.959146 39.498294 Qibla Directions: North Open prayer area: 0.1 degrees Oldest part of the mosque: 356 degrees Archnet: https://archnet.org/sites/3779/media_contents/1606 The …

Sal Mosque:

This small village mosque dates back to Umayyad times. It is still in use today. GPS: 32.570451° 35.911254° Location: Sal Jordan, near the city of Irbid.

Bushra Mosque:

This village mosque is known as the Bushra Great Mosque. It is in the small village of Bushra, near Irbid in Jordan. GPS Coordinates: 32.558159° 35.894752° It dates back to Umayyad times, and faces …

Aydoun Grand Mosque:

This village mosque was originally built by the Umayyads. It has been rebuilt over the years on the original foundations. It faces the between posittion. GSP: 32.506175 35.857349

Tibnah Mosque:

The Tibnah village mosque dates back to Umayyad times. This Jordanian mosque (Majid al-Zidani) faces the Between qibla. GPS: 32.477252° 35.727335°

al Mudhmar Mosque:

Mosque Name: Al Midhmar Mosque Country: Oman City: Sahail Year of construction (AH): 6 Year of construction (AD): 627 GPS: 23.311637° 58.010857° Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never …

Sidi Ghanem Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sidi Ghanem Mosque Country: Algeria City: Mila Year of construction (AH): 58 Year of construction (AD): 678 GPS: 36.450383° 6.271528° Original Qibla: Parallel Description: The oldest …

Dougga Mosque:

Country: Tunisia City: Ancient Dougga Year of construction (AH): 187 Year of construction (AD): 800 GPS: 36.422733° 9.218833° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/15054 Original Qibla: Parallel …

Moulay Idriss II Tomb and Mosque:

Country: Morocco City: Fez Year of construction (AH): 828 Year of construction (AD): 213 GPS: 34.06487 -4.974803 ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/1728/media_contents/122530 Original Qibla: Parallel …

Sfax Great Mosque:

City: Tunisia Year of construction (AH): 850 Year of construction (AD): 236 GPS: 34.735887° 10.760843° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/5373/media_contents/61886 Original Qibla: Parallel …

University of al-Qarawiyyin Mosque:

Country: Morocco City: Fez Year of construction (AH): 857 Year of construction (AD): 242 GPS: 34.064910° -4.973497° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/1730in Original Qibla: Parallel Description: The …

Mosque Sidi-Ghomrassen Graveyard:

Mosque Name: Sidi-Ghomrassen Country: Tunisia City: Djerba Year of construction (AH): 800-899 GPS: 33.874462° 10.866349° Original Qibla: Parallel Description: There is a small, very old mosque …

Great Mosque of Mahdia:

Country: Tunisia City: Mahidia Year of construction (AH): 916 Year of construction (AD): 304 GPS: 35.503972° 11.071964° ArchNet: https://archnet.org/sites/3767/media_contents/155 Original Qibla: …

Great Mosque of Beja:

Country: Tunisia City: Beja Year of construction (AH): 333 Year of construction (AD): 944 GPS: 36.725183° 9.182850° Original Qibla: Parallel Description: Béja is a city in Tunisia. It is located 105 …

Great Mosque of Sale:

Country: Morocco City: Sale Year of construction (AH): Year of construction (AD): GPS: 36.725183° 9.182850° Original Qibla: Parallel Description: The Great Mosque of Salé is in Salé, Morocco. …

Grand Mosque of Tangier:

Country: Morocco City: Tangier Year of construction (AH): 592 Year of construction (AD): 1196 GPS: 35.785840° -5.809504° ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/6353 Original Qibla: Parallel Description: …

Midian:

The Qur’an speaks several times of the people of Midian, assuming that the listeners in Medina were acquainted with at least the background of these people who roamed the Arabian deserts one …

Barwada Mosque:

Mosque Name: Barwada Mosque Country: India City: Gujarat Year of construction (AD): 700-800 CE GPS: 21.692053 72.270851 Original Qibla: Between Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never Description: An article in …

Kilakarai Old Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kilakarai Old Mosque Country: India City: Kilakarai Year of construction 600-699 CE GPS: 9.234391 78.7836 Original Qibla: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: 1036 Description: Getting …

Palaiya Jumma Palli:

Mosque Name: Palaiya Jumma Palli Country: India City: Kilakarai Year of construction 600-699 CE GPS: 9.229489 78.785983 Original Qibla: Unknown Rebuilt facing Mecca: 1036 Description: This mosque is …

Mansouri Great Mosque:

Mosque Name: Country: The Monsouri Mosque of Tripoli, Lebanon is also known The Great Mosque of Tripoli. City: Tripoli GPS: 34.434520 35.842500 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/1702 Original Qibla: …

Sultan Yaqub Tomb:

Mosque Name: Sultan Yaʿqūb Tomb Country: Lebanon City: Sultan Yaʿqūb GPS: 33.644314, 35.859838 Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: Who was Sultan Yaʿqūb? Uncovering the …

Sultan Yaqub Mosque:

Mosque Name: Sultan Yacoub Country: Lebanon City: Sultan Yacoub GPS: 33.644409, 35.859977 Original Qibla: Petra Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: This is the village mosque beside Sultan …

Hasan Mosque and Tower:

Mosque Name: Hasan Mosque Country: Morocco City: Rabat Year of construction (AH): 591 Year of construction (AD): 1195 GPS: 34.023814 -6.822614 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/2557 Original Qibla: …

Kasbah Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kasbah Mosque Country: Morocco City: Marrakech Year of construction (AH): 586 Year of construction (AD): 1190 GPS: 31.617706 -7.988705 Original Qibla: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: never …

Koutoubia Mosque:

Mosque Name: Koutoubia Mosque Country: Morocco City: Marrakech Year of construction (AH): 548 Year of construction (AD): 1154 GPS: 31.623757 -7.993366 ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/1741 Original …

Kasbah Citadel Mosque:

Mosque Name: Kasbah Citadel Mosque, also known as The Mosque of the Kasbah, and also The Old Mosque. Country: Morocco City: Rabat Year of construction (AH): 544 Year of construction (AD): 1150 GPS: …

Udayas Graveyard:

Name: Udayas Graveyard Country: Morocco City: Udayas GPS: 34.02987 -6.841498 Original Qibla: Parallel Rebuilt facing Mecca: never Description: It is always difficult to measure graves as there are …