Mosque Name: Xian Great Mosque
Year of construction (AH): 8
Year of construction (AD): 629
GPS: 23.148262 23.148262
Gibson Classification: Petra
Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never
The original mosque on this site was built in 629 during the Tang Dynasty. It is also called the Hui-hui cemetery as it was a cemetery honoring 40 famous Arabic Muslim missionaries who were buried there. Over the years the mosque was enlarged but it appears that the qibla direction was never changed.
The mosque was built with Ming Dynasty architecture style and covers an area of 1,860 m2 including the 1,077 m2 of constructed area. It consists of prayer hall, pavilion, wing room and other facilities. The prayer hall is a two-story building capable of accommodating 3,000 worshippers.
The mosque interior is styled like a garden with many trees and flowers. These are actually inside the mosque.
The story of Abu Waqqas and the 40 emigrants that travelled to China during the lifetime of Muhammad is told on pages 216 - 221 in the book: Let The Stones Speak. This book in pdf format can be downloaded here for free by clicking here.