Mosque Name: Jami’ Uqba Ibn Nafi

Country: Tunisia

City: Kairouan

Year of construction (AH): 221 AH

Year of construction (AD): 836 AD

GPS: 35°40’54.16"N 10° 6’13.75"E

ArchNet: http://archnet.org/sites/3763

Original Qibla: Parallel

Rebuilt facing Mecca: never

Description:

The Great Mosque of Kairoua is also known as the Uqba Ibn Nafi’ Mosque. As it stands today, this mosque was built by the Aghlabid governor of Kairouan, Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838 AD. He erected the building on the site of an older mosque, originally constructed by ’Uqba ibn Nafi at the time of the 670 AD Arab conquest of North Africa. Although the current mosque retains virtually no trace of the original seventh-century building, it is still often referred to as “Mosque of Sidi ’Uqba,” or “Mosque of ’Uqba Ibn Nafi.” Historically, it has been accorded great significance as the first mosque in the first town of Islam in the West. This mosque also points 60 degrees south of East. As with the other mosques of north Africa, the qibla of this mosque is parallel to a line drawn between Petra and Mecca.

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