Mosque Name: Qasr Mushash

Country: Jordan

City: Desert Castle

Year of construction (AH): unknown

Year of construction (AD): 7th century

GPS: 31°48’47.90"N 36°18’56.93"E

Original Qibla: Petra

Rebuilt facing Mecca: never

Description:

This very large Qasr complex and settlement was a caravan station on the route between Amman (Roman Philadelphia) and Wadi Sirhan. Ceramic finds point to an occupation since the 3rd century A.D. (DAI, Dautches Archeological Institute) Research identified the remains of 18 structures built of locally quarried stone. These include the main Qasr or residential building with sides of 26 m, with a central courtyard surrounded 13 rooms and a single entrance in the east wall.

The oldest part of the site is the Qasr itself, in the east, which had occupation since the 4rd century AD, as part of the Roman guard posts in the Arabian Desert. The complex was in further use in Umayyad times, for the same purpose. The sole historical settlement periods represented there are those of the early Byzantine and Early Islamic (Umayyad) times, between the 4th and 7th and the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. The ruins of this large complex (2 sq km) and settlement was once a grand site in the desert steppe, which probably served as a caravan station. The settlement complex had a large number of hydraulic systems in the form of reservoirs, cisterns and dams. The whole site had several separate units: the Qasr, a bathhouse and the water system. There are actually two Qasrs, the west Qasr Mushash and the East Qasr Mushash.

The medieval Arab historian el-Maqdisi mentioned that this was one of the three routes from Amman to the Hijaz in western Arabia used by the Umayyad postal service. (Khouri, 1988)

Page Discussion

Membership is required to comment. Membership is free of charge and available to everyone over the age of 16. Just click SignUp, or make a comment below. You will need a user name and a password. The system will automatically send a code to your email address. It should arrive in a few minutes. Enter the code, and you are finished.

Members who post adverts or use inappropriate language or make disrespectful comments will have their membership removed and be barred from the site. By becoming a member you agree to our Terms of Use and our Privacy, Cookies & Ad Policies. Remember that we will never, under any circumstances, sell or give your email address or private information to anyone unless required by law. Please keep your comments on topic. Thanks!