Mosque Name: bn Tulun Mosque
Year of construction (AH): 263 AH
Year of construction (AD): 876 AD
GPS: 30°01’44"N 31°14’58"E
Original Qibla: Mecca
This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma’mun. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within two years he had been made governor of the whole country. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. His family ruled in Egypt for 135 years, until 905. Ibn Tulun founded a new royal city on an outcrop of rock called Jabal Yashkur near the Muqattam range to the northeast of al-Fustat, razing the Christian and Jewish cemetery that was located on the hill to do so. We have included this mosque in our study to demonstrate that mosques now all pointed towards Mecca.