Mosque Name: Qasr Burqu’
City: Desert Castle
Year of construction (AH): 81 AH
Year of construction (AD): 700 AD
GPS: 34° 0’26.03”N 36°12’25.59”E
Original Qibla: unknown
Rebuilt facing Mecca: never
Qasr Burqu’ is located on the shore of Ghadir (Lake) Burqu’. It is the only year round watering place in northeastern Jordan. The Romans in the 3rd century rebuilt the ancient dam that secured water for caravans heading between Syria and Arabia.
It is a very remote location, that seemed to have been used as a monastery during the Byzantine era, and later as a meeting place for nomadic Arabs.
As Qasr Burqu’ is built on earlier ruins, and also because there is no obvious mosque, no qibla can be established. There is nothing in this building complex that suggests a qibla of any sort.
According to an inscription (700 AD) the palace was restored and enlarged by the Umayyads who used it as part of the network of forts patrolling the outlets from Wadi Sirhan. Walid I was in charge of that region in 708 AD during his father Abd al-Malik‘s reign. Other Arabic inscriptions on one of the walls of the fort suggests that it may have been occupied as late as 1409.
The drawing below is taken from: A New Architectural Survey of Qasr Burqu’, Eastern Jordan, by Svend Helms, F. S. A., The Antiquaries Journal, 1991