Mosque Name: Jami’ ‘Amr ibn al-‘As
Year of construction (AH): 21 AH
Year of construction (AD): 642 AD
GPS: 30° 0’38.74"N 31°13’54.09"E
Original Qibla: Petra
Rebuilt facing Mecca:
The Mosque of ’Amr ibn al-’As was founded by the Muslim conqueror of Egypt in 641 near his house in the town of Fustat, outside of Cairo. This mosque was rebuilt and enlarged in 673 during the reign of Mu’awiya, who is said to have added a minaret to each of its four corners.
Today the mosque does not exist in its original form, having undergone numerous restorations so that the original foundation is no longer evident.
However, the original ground-plan of the mosque shows that the qibla pointed east and had to be corrected later under the governorship of Qurra ibn Sharik. (Creswell 1969, pages 37,150)
Interestingly this agrees with the later Islamic tradition compiled by Ahmad ibn al-Maqrizi that ’Amr ibn al-’As prayed facing east, and not more towards the south. (al-Maqrizi 1326 page 6; Crone-Cook 1977 pages 24,173)