Mosque Name: Barwada Mosque
Year of construction (AD): 700-800 CE
GPS: 21.692053 72.270851
Original Qibla: Between
Rebuilt facing Mecca: Never
An article in The Times of India (6 Nov 2016) proclaimed that the ancient Barwada Mosque was the oldest mosque in India. This report has been picked up by other news services, and even Wikipedia suggests that it is the oldest mosque in India, placing the date as early as 610 to 623 CE. This date is not based on anything found at the mosque site, nor even a mention in ancient manuscripts. Rather, the date was arrived at, by assuming that the Qibla direction was Jerusalem, and thus The Times of India calculated that the mosque had to be built during the short time-period when it was believed Muslims faced Jerusalem, before the Qibla was changed to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
However, upon careful examination, it appears that this mosque faces 286 degrees, which is closest to the Between Qibla. It does not face Jerusalem. Please use the Qibla Tool to see the exact measurements.
Now that a world-wide Qibla Survey has been carried out, it becomes clear that this is not a good method for dating any mosque, as mosques that face towards Petra were built over a period of more than a hundred and sixty years. Therefore Dan Gibson assigns a date of 600-699 CE tot his mosque. So this is still an early mosque, but at this point in time the mosque cannot be dated more accurately.