Chad Doell & Dan Gibson, May 15 2022
This chapter considers the Qiblas of Umayyad residential structures, particular the Umayyad manor houses or qasrs. Manyh of these buildings were left to ruin when the Abbasids seized power—and, because of this neglect, the original foundations remain to this day. Unlike many mosques, most of the qasrs were never replaced by newer structures. Gibson believes that these massive structures all contained places of prayer, and that the orientation of the qasrs themselves faced one of the qibla directions.