It is estimated that over 50,000 stone megaliths were erected in a great arc around the coasts of Europe, from Sweden and the Shetland Islands in the north to Spain, Portugal and Malta in the south. The most famous megaliths are found at Stonehenge. They are located on the Salisbury Plain in southern England, a chalk grassland that stretches as far as the eye can see. In the middle are the megaliths, most of them more than 13 feet high. It is estimated that Stonehenge is 4,000 years old and there is evidence that the stones were shaped by tools. In 17th century, before the advent of archeology, historians imagined that Stonehenge had been built by the Druids, the white-robed Celtic priest of Britain and Gaul, of whom little was known However, history has shown than Stonehenge is more than 1000 years older than the Druids. Some have suggested that it was built by Phoenicians or Egyptians, but no proof has every uncovered to support this. Interestingly enough, there are more than 900 other stone circles found throughout the British Isles, and many more found throughout the world. Near Stonehenge, around 2 miles away archeologists uncovered Durrington Walls, where there is evidence of two huge circular wooden buildings one of them 127 feet in diameter.
Carbon dating has demonstrated that Stonehenge was built in three different phases, which covered almost 1000 years.
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