Plato wrote about Atlantis. (427 - 347 BC) He said it was an island, larger than Libya and Asia put together, with magnificent mountain ranges, lush plains which teemed with every variety of animal, including elephants and luxuriant gardens where the fruit was fair and wondrous and in infinite abundance. The earth was rich with precious metals, especially the one most highly prized by the ancients, iridescent orichalc, and alloy of copper, perhaps brass.
The capital Atlantis, was built in the center of the island, hand public buildings in white, black and red stone. The plan of the city included five zones, built in perfect concentric circles. It had various ports, served by a system of canals. The capital's canal and its nearby port were full of vessels and merchants coming form all parts, who from their numbers kept up a multitudinous sound of human voices and din and clatter night and day.
At the heart of the city were the great palace and temple, which was even more sumptuous. All the outside with the exception of the pinnacles were covered with silver, the pinnacles with gold. The interior of the roof of the temple was of ivory, with gold silver and orichalc decorations. In the temple were statues of gold, and the god himself was standing in a chariot with six winged horses of such size that he touched the roof of the building, and around him were a hundred Nereids riding on dolphins.
The ten kings of Atlantis were immensely wealthy but ruled wisely over their enormous colonial empire. Society began to decay, people pursued wealth, idleness and luxury. Then they started a campaign for world domination sending out large fleets. The only power that could stand against them was Athens. They fought but could not withstand them. Then there were violent earthquakes and floods, and in a single day and night the island of Atlantis disappeared into the depths of the sea.
According to Plato this all happened over 12,000 years ago. He located Atlantis in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean beyond the Pillars of Hercules (Gilbralter).
Plato's cousin Critias claimed that he had heard the story from his great-grandfather Dropides, who had heard it from Solon. Solon claimed that he heard the story in Egypt around 590 BC in the city of Sa'is, in the Nile Delta. A priest of the goddess Neith told the story about the Athhenians and the tragic fate of the island, saying it happened some 9,000 years before.
It is believed that Crantor, who lived around 300 BC, and a commentator on Plato went to Egypt to Check Solon's sources first hand. A few centuries later the Stoic philosopher and scholar Posidonius (135 - 50- BC) mentions that the story was true.
The idea of Atlantis was resurrected in the 15th century by European map makers who included it on their maps. When America was discovered some thought that it was Atlantis, and since then a new science, Atlantology has been born, referring to those who study or search for the lost island.
Off the island of North Bimini in the Bahamas a colossal underwater stone wall was discovered in 1968. (Scan picture) Dr. J. Manson Valentine, and American zoologist and veteran deep-sea diver noticed strange structures. These were later examined from the air. The wall was several hundred yards long and hand two branches running at right angles in a perfectly straight line. The blocks were over 16 ft square, and resembled a drowned harbor.
Others believe that it was located in the Mediterranean, and that the straights referred to as the Pillars of Hercules may have referred to something else.
|The Amazing Ancients||The Voynich Question|
|Mystery Rock||Voynich: Introduction to the Voynich Manuscript|
|The Flat Earth Myth||Voynich: Physical Composition of the Manuscript|
|Megaliths||Voynich: History of the Voynich Manuscript|
|Stonehenge||Voynich: The Layout of the Manuscript|
|Atlantis||Voynich: The Text, Language and Illustrations|
|Ancient Time Piece||Voynich: A Possible Middle Eastern Connection|
|Bahrain||Who Discovered the New World?|
|Zimbawe||Saharah Desert's Changing Climate|
|Ancient Pueblo Dwellers|