Charts that compare various ancient

Middle Eastern Writing Systems

 

CHART ONE

The original chart is in German. The wide column in the middle shows the various Nabataean writing systems, the oldest on the left and the latest on the right.

Ancient Scripts

 Hebrew Cursive

 Aramaic Hadad

Aramaic Taima

Aramaic Elephantine

Nabataean

Early to final form

Palmyrian

Hebrew

Qumran & Quadrat

Syriac

Arabic showing the various forms that the letters take depending where they are in the word. (Final, central, beginig, or standing alone)

\Alphabet chart

 

CHART TWO

The chart below is taken from "A Study of the Lihyanite and Thamudic Inscriptions" by F.V. Winnett, University of Toronto Press, Oriental Series No. 3.

 South Arabic

 Dedanite

 Early Lihyanite

 Late Lihyanite

 Thamudic

A

 Thamudic

B

 Thamudic

C

 Thamudic

D

 Thamudic

E

 Safatic

Alphabet chart

Nabataean Culture   Clothing
Desert Life   Coins
 The Price of Honor   Pottery
 Honor and Shame in a Middle Eastern Setting   Writing
 Nabataean Graffiti   The Multi-Alphabet Theory
 Writing Chart (Arabic base)  Writing Charts (German, English) 
 The Petra Scrolls  The Cave of Letters 
 Nabataean Pantheon of Gods  Burial Practices
 Block Gods  Nabataean Zodiac
 Making Sense of Middle Eastern Religion  Forms of Worship
 Deifying Leaders  Pre-Islamic Gods in Arabia
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