This is the full bibliography for the book Let the Stones Speak by Dan Gibson. Where possible links have been included to locations where you can access source material.
Ibn ʿAbd-Rabbih, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Al-ʿIqd al-farīd. Edited by Aḥmad Amīn, Aḥmad al-Zayn, and Ibrāhīm al-Abyārī. Cairo, 1940.
Addision, Erin. “Is this Sacred or What? – The Holy Place & Tourism Destination at Jabal Haroun, Petra Region, Jordan.” In The Routledge Handbook of Halal Hospitality and Islamic Tourism, edited by C. Michael Hall & Girish Prayag. 224-236. Philadelphia: Routledge, 2018.
Algabri, Salah. “Coins of revolutionist Abdullah bin Muawiya al-Talbi (127-130 H / 744-747 AD).” ResearchGate. Last modified October, 2018. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328462219_Coins_of_revolutionist_Abdullah_bin_Muawiya_al-Talbi_127-130_H_744-747_AD
Anderson, Mark. “Is Mecca or Petra Islam’s true birthplace?” Understanding Islam. Posted September 27, 2018. https://understandingislam.today/is-mecca-or-petra-islams-true-birthplace/
Artsruni, Thomas. History of the Artsrunik’. Translated by Robert W. Thompson. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1985.
Ibn al-Athīr. al-Kāmil fi al-Tarīkh. Volume 7. Beirut: House of Knowledge Books, 1987.
Augé, Christian, François Renel, Laurent Borel, and Chrystelle March. “New Excavations in Qasr al-Bint at Petra.” Annual of the Department of Antiquities in Jordan (ADAJ) (2002): 309-313.
Avni, Gideon. “Early Mosques in the Negev Highlands: New Archaeological Evidence on Islamic Penetration of Southern Palestine.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 294 (May 1994): 83-100.
El-Awaisi, Khalid. “The Quranic Prophecy of the Defeat and Victory of the Byzantines.” Journal of Islamic Jerusalem Studies 15 (Summer 2015): 1-32.
Al-Azraqi, Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah. Kitab Akhbar Mecca. Giza: Maktaba Alnafezah, 2013.
Bae, Chul-hyun. “Aramaic as a Lingua Franca During the Persian Empire (538-333 B.C.E.).” Journal of Universal Language 5 (2004): 1-20.
Baerlein, Henry. The Singing Caravan: Some echoes of Arabian Poetry. Godshill: Millersford Books, 1910.
Al-Balādhurī, Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyā. The Origins of the Islamic State: Being a Translation from the Arabic Accompanied with Annotations, Geographic and Historic Notes of the Kitâb Futûḥ al-Buldân. Translated by Philip Khuri Hitti. New York: Cosimo Classics, 2011.
Benabbès, Ahmed. “Les premiers raids arabes en Numidie byzantine: questions toponymiques.” In Identités et Cultures dans l’Algérie Antique, edited by Claude Briand-Ponsart. Mont-Saint-Aignan: Presses Universitaires de Rouen et du Havre, 2005.
Benmicia, Nawal. “The Restoration and Reuse of Historical Monuments: Case of the Mosque of Sidi Ghanem.” Algerian Journal of Engineering Architecture and Urbanism 1, no. 3 (2017): 43-54.
Berggren, J. Lennart and Alexander Jones. Ptolemy’s Geography: An Annotated Translation of the Theoretical Chapters. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020.
Al-Biruni. “Kitab Tahdid nihayat al-amakin.” Majallat Maʻhad al-Makhṭūṭāt al-ʻArabīyah 8 (1962). Edited by P. Bulgakov. Quoted in David A. King. “Al-Bazdawi on the Qibla In Early Islamic Transoxania.” Journal for the History of Arabic Science 7, 1-2 (1983).
Bouchier, E. S. A Short History of Antioch: 300 B.C.-A.D. 1268. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1921. Brock, Sebastian. “An Introduction to Syriac Studies.” In Horizons in Semitic Studies: Articles for the Students, edited by J. H. Eaton, 1-33. Birmingham: University of Birmingham, 1980.
Brubaker, Daniel A. Corrections in Early Qur’an Manuscripts: Twenty Examples. Lovettsville: Think and Tell Press, 2019.
Al-Bukhārī, Muḥammad ibn Ismā‘īl. “Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī.” Sunnah.com. Accessed December 12, 2022. https://sunnah.com/bukhari
Castro, Mariana. The Function of the Roman Army in Southern Arabia Petraea. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2018.
Charles, Michael. “The Elephants of Aksum: In Search of the Bush Elephant in Late Antiquity.” Journal of Late Antiquity 11, no. 1 (Spring 2018): 166-192.
Charles, R.H. translator. “Jubilees 20.” Pseudepigrapha, Apocrypha and Sacred Writings. Accessed October 28, 2022. http://www.pseudepigrapha.com/jubilees/20.htm
Charles. R.H. translator. “The Expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael (xvii. 1-14).” Sacred Texts. Accessed September 29, 2022. https://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub38.htm
Chronique Archéologique en Syrie 4. Damascus: Ministry of Culture, Directorate-General of Antiquities and Museums, 2010. http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp011r66j363w
Cohen, Jacob. “A Power Primer.” Psychological Bulletin 112 (1992): 155-159.
Creswell, K.A.C. The Ka’ba in A.D. 608. Oxford: The Society of Antiquities in London, 1951.
Crone, Patricia. “The First-Century Concept of Hiǧra.” Arabica 41 (November 1994): 352-387.
Crone, Patricia and Michael Cook. Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Dash, Glen. “Occam’s Egyptian razor: the equinox and the alignment of the pyramids.” The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture 2 (2017): 1-8.
Da-Sheng, Chen. “Chinese-Iranian Relations vii. Persian Settlements in Southeastern China during the T’ang, Sung, and Yuan Dynasties.” Encyclopedia Iranica, last updated October 14, 2011. https://iranicaonline.org/articles/chinese-iranian-vii
Ibn Abu Dawud. “Kitab Al-Masahif.” Internet Archive. Last modified June 22, 2020. https://archive.org/details/kitab-al-masahif-ibn-abu-dawud-with-introcuction-of-arthur-jeffrey-arabic-text
Demichelis, Marco. “Chapter Five: Kharijites and Qarmaṭians: Islamic Pre-Democratic Thought, A Political-Theological Analysis.” In Religion and Representation: Islam and Democracy, edited by Ingrid Mattson, Paul Nesbitt-Larking and Nawaz Tahir, 101-127. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015. Durie, Mark. “On the Origin of Qur’anic Arabic.” Academia.edu, accessed September 11, 2022. https://www.academia.edu/37743814/On_the_Origin_of_Qur%CA%BE%C4%81nic_Arabic
Durie, Mark. The Qur’an and its Biblical Reflexes: Investigations into the Genesis of a Religion. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2018.
Eliash, Joseph. “Ali b. Abi Talib in Ithna – Ashari Shi I belief.” PhD dissertation. University of London, 1966.
Eshel, Esther. “The Onomasticon of Mareshah in the Persian and Hellenistic Periods.” In Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E., edited by Oded Lipschitz, Gary N. Knoppers, and Rainer Albertz, 145-156. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007.
Farajat, Suleiman and Sami Nawafleh. “Report on the Al-Khazna countryard excavation at Petra (2003 season).” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 49 (2005): 373-393.
Fiema, Zbigniew T. “Historical Context.” In The Petra Papyri I, edited by Jaakko Frösén, Antti Arjava, and Marjo Lehtinen, 1-4. Amman: American Center of Oriental Research, 2002.
Fiema, Zbigniew T. “The Jabal Hārūn Site: 1000 Years of Continuity and Change.” In Petra – The Mountain of Aaron II: The Nabataean Sanctuary and the Byzantine Monastery, edited by Zbigniew T. Fiema, Jaakko Frösén, and Maija Holappa, 539-582. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2016.
Fiema, Zbigniew T., Ahmad al-Jallad, Michael C. A. MacDonald, and Laïla Nehmé. “Provincia Arabia: Nabataea, the Emergence of Arabic as a Written Language, and Graeco-Arabica.” In Arabs and Empires before Islam, edited by Greg Fisher, 373-433. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Flensted-Jensen, Hellenika P. “The Bottiaians and their Poleis.” In Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis. Volume 1. Edited by Morgens Herman Hansen and Kurt Raaflaub, 109-119. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1995.
Florovsky, Fr. Georges. “The Byzantine Fathers of the Fifth Century.” Holy Trinity Mission. Accessed September 8, 2022, http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/fathers_florovsky_2.htm.
Ford, Simon Samuel. “Ordination and Episcopacy in the Severan-Jacobite Church: AD 518-c. 588.” PhD dissertation. University of Oxford, 2016.
Forster, Charles. The Historical Geography of Arabia; Or, the Patriarchal Evidences of Revealed Religion. Volume 1. London: Duncan and Malcolm, 1844.
Frösén, Jaakko. “The Petra papyri: Information and significance.” In Petra: a city forgotten and rediscovered. Edited by Jaakko Frösén and Zbigniew Fiema, 18-22. Helsinki: Amos Anderson Arts Museum, 2002.
Frösén, Jaakko and Zbigniew T. Fiema. “The Finnish Jabal Haroun Project 1999.” Finnish Jabal Haroun Project. Accessed May 26, 2022. https://foto.aalto.fi/research/projects/FJHP/Pages/season1999/fjhp99text.html
Gagos, Traianos and Jaakko Frösén. “Petra Papyri.” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 42 (1998): 471-481.
Gaster, Moses translator. The Asatir: The Samaritan Book of the ‘Secrets of Moses.’ London: The Royal Asiatic Society, 1927.
Genequand, Denis. “Some Thoughts on Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, its Dam, its Monastery and the Ghassanids.” Levant 38, no. 1 (June 2006): 63-84. doi:10.1179/lev.2006.38.1.63
Gibson, Dan. Early Islamic Qiblas: A survey of mosques built between 1 AH/622 C.E. and 263 AH/876 C.E. Saskatoon: Independent Scholar’s Press, 2017.
Gibson, Dan. Qur’anic Geography. Saskatoon: Independent Scholars Press, 2010.
Gibson, Daniel, Peter Harremoës, and Joseph Hannon. “The names of Petra as synonyms and epithets of Mecca.” Unpublished manuscript. January 20, 2022, Microsoft Word.
Goolam, N.M.I. “The Timbuktu Manuscripts – Rediscovering a Written Source of African Law in the Era of the African Renaissance.” Fundamina 12, no. 2 (January 1, 2006): 29-50.
Grabar, Oleg. “Upon Reading Al-Azraqi.” Muqarnas 3 (1985): 1-7. doi:10.2307/1523080
“Grave and Tomb of the Prophet Muhammad (The Sacred Chamber).” Hajj & Umrah Planner. Accessed April 4, 2022. https://hajjumrahplanner.com/prophet-muhammad-grave/
Greatrex, Geoffrey and Samuel N. C. Lieu. The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 363-628. London: Routledge, 2002.
Green, Tamara M. The City of the Moon God: Religious Traditions in Harran. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 1992.
Hafiz, Ali. Chapters from the history of Madina. Jeddah: al-Madina Printing & Publication Co, 1987.
Ibn al-Ḥajjāj, Muslim. “Sahih Muslim 1260.” Sunnah.com. Accessed December 16, 2022. https://sunnah.com/muslim:1260
Al-Hakam, Ibn ‘Abd. The history of the conquest of Egypt, North Africa and Spain: Known as the Futuh Misr of Ibn ‘Abd al-Haka. Translated by Charles Cutler Torrey. Dehli: Gyan Books, 2018.
Haldon, John. The Byzantine Wars. Stroud: The History Press, 2012.
Al-Hamdani. Geographie der Arabischen Halbinsel. Translated by David Heinrich Muller. Berlin: E. J. Brill, 1884.
Harl, K. W. “Sacrifice and Pagan Belief in Fifth- and Sixth-Century Byzantium.” Past & Present 128 (August 1990): 7-27.
Harremoës, Peter. “Rate Distortion Theory for Descriptive Statistics.” arXiv. Updated February 16, 2022. https://arxiv.org/abs/2201.03707
Hatzopoulos, M.B. and L.D. Loukopoulou. Morrylos, cité de la Crestonie. Paris: Athènes, 1989.
Hawkins, Gerald S. and David A. King. “On the Orientation of the Ka’ba.” Journal for the History of Astronomy 8 (1982): 102-109.
Healey, J.F. The Religion of the Nabataeans: A Conspectus. Leiden: Brill, 2001.
Heuzy, L. Alexandre. Mission archéologique de Macédoine. Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1876.
Hill, E. “Weilue: The Peoples of the West.” UW Departments Web Server. Accessed October 26, 2022. https://depts.washington.edu/silkroad/texts/weilue/weilue.html
Hottingero, Joh. Henrico. HISTORIA ORIENTALIS: QUAE EX VARIIS ORIENTALUM MONUMENTUS COLLECTA. Zurich: Bodmeri, 1651.
Hoyland, R.G. “New Documentary Texts and The Early Islamic State.” Bulletin Of The School Of Oriental And African Studies 69, no. 3 (2006): 395-416.
Hoyland, R.G. Seeing Islam As Others Saw It: A Survey And Evaluation Of Christian, Jewish And Zoroastrian Writings On Early Islam. New Jersey: Darwin Press, 1997.
Hoyland, R.G. “The Content and Context of Early Arabic Inscriptions.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic & Islam 21, no. 3 (1997): 77-102.
Ibn Ishaq. The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by A. Guillaume. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Ilci, Veli, Ibrahim Murat Ozulu, Ersoy Arslan, and Reha Metin Alkan. “Investigation on the Accuracy of Existing Qibla Directions of the Mosques from Different Periods: A Case Study in Corum City, Turkey.” Technical Gazette 25 (2018): 1642-1649.
Isler, Martin, “An Ancient Method of Finding and Extending Direction,” in Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 26 (1989): 191-206.
Islamic Awareness. “A Pre-Islamic Nabataean Inscription Mentioning The Place Yathrib.” Last updated February 18, 2018. https://www.islamic-awareness.org/history/islam/inscriptions/yathrib1.html
Islamic Awareness. “An Inscription Mentioning the Rebuilding of Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām, 78 AH / 697-698 CE.” Last updated April 1, 2018. https://www.islamic-awareness.org/history/islam/inscriptions/haram1.html
Issar, Arie S. and Mattanyah Zohar. Climate Change: Environment and History of the Near East. 2 ed. New York: Springer, 2007. https://www.amazon.com/Climate-Change-Environment-History-Near/dp/3540698515
Al-Jāḥiẓ. Rasā’il al-Jāḥiẓ. Edited by H. al-Sandubi. Cairo: 1933. pg. 296
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Al-Jallad, Ahmad. “Graeco-Arabica I: The Southern Levant.” In Arabic in Context, edited by Ahmad Al-Jallad, 99-188. Leiden: Brill, 2017. Al-Jallad, Ahmad. “The Arabic of Petra.” Academia.edu. Accessed November 23, 2022. https://www.academia.edu/37215697/Al_Jallad_2018_The_Arabic_of_Petra
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Jeffery, Arthur. The Qur’an as Scripture. New York: Russel F. Moor Company, 1952. Josephus, Flavius. Antiquities of the Jews. Translated by Willian Whiston. London: University of Cambridge, 1737. Josephus, Flavius. The Works of Flavius Josephus. Translated by William Whiston. Edinburgh: T. Nelson and Sons, 1895. Kaegi, Walter E. Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Ibn Al-Kalbi, Hisham. The Book of Idols. Translated by Nabih Amin Faris. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952.
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Kennedy, Hugh. The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live In. Boston: De Capo Press, 2007. Kennedy, Hugh. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates: The Islamic Near East from the Sixth to Eleventh Century. 3 ed. New York: Routledge, 2016.
Kennedy, Hugh. When Baghdad Ruled the Muslim World: The Rise and Fall of Islam’s Greatest Dynasty. Cambridge: De Capo Press, 2005.
Khalaf, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa. “A Historical Record of the Extinct Carthaginian Elephant (Loxodonta Africana pharaohensis Deraniyagala, 1948) from Tell Rafah, South of Gaza Strip, State of Palestine.” Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin 40, no. 209 (May 2022): 0-30.
Al Khalifa, Mai Mohammed. The Qarmaṭians: From Concept to State. Translated by Abdullah Richard Lux. Muharraq: Shaikh Ebrahim Mohammed Al-Khalifa Center for Culture and Research, 2019.
Khan, Mohammaed Alal. The Unveiling Origin of Mecca. Bloomington: AuthorHouse, 2021. Kim, Seonyoung. “The Arabic Letters of the Byzantine Emperor Leo III to the Caliph ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz: an Edition, Translation, and Commentary.” PhD diss. The Catholic University of America, 2017.
Al Kindy. The Apology of Al Kindy: Written in the Court of Al Mamun (A.H. 215; A.D. 830). Translated by Sir William Muir. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1882. King, David A. “Astronomical Alignments in Medieval Islamic Religious Architecture.” Ethnoastronomy and Archaeoastronomy in the American Tropics 385, 1 (1982): 303-312.
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King, David A. Review of Early Islamic Qiblas: A survey of mosques built between 1 AH/622 C.E. and 263 AH/876 C.E. (with maps, charts, and photographs), by Dan Gibson, Suhayl – International Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation 16-17 (2018-2019): 347-366.
King, David A. “Folk Astronomy in the Service of Religion: The Case of Islam.” In Astronomies and Cultures: Papers Derived from the Third “Oxford” International Symposium on Archaeoastronomy, edited by C. L. N. Ruggles and Nicholas J. Saunders, 124-138. Niwot: University of Colorado Press, 1990.
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King, David A. “The Petra fallacy: Early mosques do face the Sacred Kaaba in Mecca but Dan Gibson doesn’t know how.” Academia.edu. Accessed July 6, 2022. https://www.academia.edu/37957366/KING_2018_The_Petra_fallacy_Early_mosques_do_face_the_Sacred_Kaaba_in_Mecca_but_Dan_Gibson_doesnt_know_how
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