Documentary Film based on Gibson's book: Qur'anic Geography
 

 

The Sacred City from Glasshouse Media on Vimeo.

 

Ports and Stops on the
Maritime Incense Route
 
Sumhuram
Cane
Aden
Muza
Berinece
Philotera
Myos Hormos
Leuce Kome
Alia
Hawara
Gryn
Ayl
Rekem, (Petra)
Sela
Wadi Arabah
Wadi Fiqreh
Obodat
Ruheiba
Elusa
Gaza (Jenysos)
Alexandria

Further Information
Who were the ancient Arab Sea Traders?
Southern Arabia
Ancient Sailing and Navigation
History & Construction of the Dhow
Camels
Parallel Maritime Histories
The Incense Road
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sumhuram

The ancient port of Sumhuram is located near the modern city of Salalah in southern Oman. It was most active between the 4th century BC and the 4th century AD. It is built in the area of Khor Rori and is the most important pre-Islamic settlement in the Dhofar region of Oman. The port of Sumhuram provided access to trade on the Indian ocean and was important to the export of frankincense which came from the interior of Arabia.

South Arabian inscriptions were carved along the monumental gate to the city. Outside the city wall a small temple and other structures contemporary to the first phase of the city were excavated dating from 3rd century BC to 1st century AD. The great quantity of iron and bronze objects discovered, as well as the presence of a workshop for metals suggests that the city was also a very important center for internal trade towards south-eastern Arabia and the northern coast of Oman which was rich in copper.

Above: The city is located near a natural break in the sea-wall where a wadi flows into the sea, providing a natural harbour as well as fresh water for the city.

Above: Aproaching the city from the land side, you can clearly see the break in the sea wall, and the city mound on the right hand side of the photo above.

Above: The city mound

Above: A workman restores part of the city wall.

Above: The city is a maze of partially excavated rooms and pathways.
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