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Rules and Links for the ancient game of Seega

There are many varieties of Seega, but we are only including instructions for one of the most common, basic games.

A board of 5 x 5 squares is marked out and each player has twelve distinctive 'stones'. Rocks and potsherds work nicely. The board may be increased to 7 x 7 or 9 x 9, each player then having twenty-four or forty pieces.

Object of the Game
Similar to checkers, you are trying to capture your opponent's pieces. The game ends when a player (the looser) has only one piece left.

To start, the first player lays down two of his or her pieces in the squares marked "X." The other player lays down two pieces in the squares marked "O."

Next, the players take turns, laying down two pieces at a time in any square but the center square. These turns are taken until all the pieces are laid down. The center square is left open.

Moving Pieces
Pieces may be moved only to adjacent open squares, but diagonal moves are not allowed.

Taking Pieces
A piece is taken (removed from the board) when it is "sandwiched" by two of the opponent's pieces. Sandwiching diagonally does not count.
"Pieces are only taken when the opponent makes a move that sandwiches the piece. For example, if you move your piece in between two of your opponent's pieces your piece is safe. If in the original layout of the board, one of your pieces is between two of your opponent's pieces, your piece is safe.

In the diagram, when the red stone is moved as shown, it captures all three blue stones simultaneously.

Other Rules
If a player is completely blocked in so that he or she cannot make any moves, then the blocked-in player is allowed to remove any one of the opponent's pieces to clear a path. This situation usually arises only within the first few moves of the game.

A second move in a single turn is allowed if the first move yielded a "take" and an additional move of the same piece will yield another "take." If a whole series of such moves are possible, then several moves in the same turn are allowed.


Some interesting pages about the Seega game are found below:

Odyssey in Egypt
Mathematics Enrichment

Ancient Board Games and the Nabataeans

 Petra: City of Board Games  Senet Games
 Ancient Board Games and the Nabataeans  Labyrinths
 Wadi Rumm: Valley of Game Boards  Seega Games