Documentary Film based on Gibson's book: Qur'anic Geography
 

 

The Sacred City from Glasshouse Media on Vimeo.
PETRA
 
Arriving at Petra
 
The Walk Into Petra
 
The Siq
 
The Small Siq
 
Treasury
 
Street of Facades
 
Water Works
 
The Theater
 
The Royal Tombs
 
High Place
 
Colonnade Street
 
Great Temple
 
Temple of Al Uzza
 
Temple of Dushares
 
The Museum 
 
The Dier 
 
Al Habis
 
Um Al-Biera
 
Jebal Haroun
 
City of Board Games
 
Snake Monument
 
Sabara Suburb
 
City Walls/Map
 
Al Beidha
 
Al Beidha Village
 
Churches
 
Kubtha High Place
 
Wadi Nmeir 
 
Small Delights
 
The Bedul
 
Petra Today 
 
Petra Park
 
Is Petra the
Holy City of Islam?
 
 
Elephant
Elephant drawing
Elephant drawing
The elephant decorations.(See paper on Elephants)

























































 
PETRA: The Great Temple
(The Royal Courts?) 

In 1921 an archeologist named Bachman published a survey of the city of Petra, which soon became a standard that was used by archeologists for several decades. On the south side hill of the Colonnade Street Bachman mapped out the ruins of a large building, complete with columns. He named it the Great Temple. And so, the building has always been known as the Great Temple, although more and more historians are wondering if this was actually a temple, or if it was the Nabataean seat of government. (Bachman also described a small theater on the Colonnade Street that no one can find).

 

From across the wadi

 

From the Street
 Left: Standing on the forum tiles looking at the front of the Great Temple.

 

 reconstruction

 

You can visit an interesting web site to view these and other reconstructions of the Great Temple by Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos.

 

http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~lbedal/chrys.html
Possible reconstruction of the Great Temple. There are questions about the roof structure. Perhaps it was open in the middle over the theatron, and only roofed and tiled around the outside.

 

 THe theater

 

 

You can read more about the Great Temple's excavations by visiting Dr. Martha Sharp Joukowsky's site at
http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Anthropology/Petra/

 

 

 

After hiking through the ruins of Petra, it is always nice to stop at the Theater in the Great Temple to have a rest. This puzzling piece of architecture makes archeologists wonder if this was a temple, or if it was perhaps the senate hall for the Nabataean government.

 Elephant column

Left: Catching a bit of shade under a column. The capital of this column is decorated with elephant heads.

 

An Archway

 

 The plaster
 One of the most interesting features of the Great Temple is the well preserved Nabataean plaster on some of the walls. As the picture on the left illustrates, it is possible to see the ancient colors, still bright and visible almost 2000 years later.

 

A large-scale reconstruction of the entire Great Temple precinct was built by Eileen Vote, a graduate student completing her PhD at Brown University in Interdisciplinary research with Archaeology and Computer Science. This was done in collaboration with archaeologist Martha Sharp Joukowsky and the architectural historian Judith McKenzie. You can view their amazing work at: http://www.lems.brown.edu/~vote/architectural_reconstruction/

 

The Pools and Gardens

 

Recent excavations in Petra beside the Great Temple have revealed what used to be a public pool and surrounding gardens. Previously this area was thought to have been a market place, because it was wide and open.

However, when using ground penatrating radar, archeologists discovered the pool. Visit Dr. Leigh-Anne Bedal's site to learn more. (Petra's Lower Market)
http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~lbedal/lowermarket.html

or

http://petragarden.homestead.com/poolcomplex.html

Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos, an archaeologist, historical architect and computer imager has a web site with computer generated reconstructions of the garden and pools. You can visit Chrysanthos' site at: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~lbedal/chrys.html To the left is a samples of Chrysanthos' work. The picture to the right is a computer generated reconstructions of the pool and gardens that were located beside the Great Temple.