In 1921 an archeologist named Bachman published a survey of the city of Petra, which soon became a standard that was used by archeologists for several decades. On the south side hill of the Colonnade Street Bachman mapped out the ruins of a large building, complete with columns. He named it the Great Temple. And so, the building has always been known as the Great Temple, although more and more historians are wondering if this was actually a temple, or if it was the Nabataean seat of government. (Bachman also described a small theater on the Colonnade Street that no one can find).
A large-scale reconstruction of the entire Great Temple precinct was built by Eileen Vote, a graduate student completing her PhD at Brown University in Interdisciplinary research with Archaeology and Computer Science. This was done in collaboration with archaeologist Martha Sharp Joukowsky and the architectural historian Judith McKenzie. You can view their amazing work at: http://www.lems.brown.edu/~vote/architectural_reconstruction/
Recent excavations in Petra beside the Great Temple have revealed what used to be a public pool and surrounding gardens. Previously this area was thought to have been a market place, because it was wide and open.
However, when using ground penatrating radar,
archeologists discovered the pool. Visit Dr. Leigh-Anne Bedal's
site to learn more. (Petra's
Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos, an archaeologist, historical architect and computer imager has a web site with computer generated reconstructions of the garden and pools. You can visit Chrysanthos' site at: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~lbedal/chrys.html To the left is a samples of Chrysanthos' work. The picture to the right is a computer generated reconstructions of the pool and gardens that were located beside the Great Temple.